Bullying & Discrimination

General Information

  1. Analysis of State Bullying Laws and Policies. Stuart-Cassel, V. , Bell, A. , Springer, J. 202 page s . December 2011. English . http://www2.ed.gov/rschstat/eval/bullying/state-bullying-laws/state-bullying-laws.pdf

    This report summarizes current approaches in the 46 states with anti-bullying laws and the 41 states that have created anti-bullying policies as models for schools.

  2. Bullying Dynamics Associated with Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration Status. Scherr, Tracey G. , Larson, Jim 223-234 page s . 2010. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    This chapter addresses the issue of bullying and bully victimization as a function of immigration status, ethnicity, and race. Although all bully victimization is distressing, there may be a special pain that accompanies victimization that is based upon a child's familial ethnic or racial identity.

  3. How to File a Discrimination Complaint with the Office for Civil Rights (OCR), U.S. Department of Education. Office for Civil Rights (OCR) page s . September 2010. Arabic Chinese English Farsi Hindi Hmong Korean Punjabi Spanish Swahili Urdu Vietnamese . http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/howto.html?src=rt

    The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) enforces several federal civil rights laws that prohibit discrimination in programs or activities that receive federal financial assistance from the Department of Education (ED). This link to the Office of Civil Rights Web site provides information on who can file a discrimination complaint and how to do so. 

  4. KnowBullying: A Bullying Preventin App. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) page s . 2016. English . http://www.store.samhsa.gov/apps/

  5. Model Programs Guide Literature Review: Bullying. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) 9 page s . November 2013. English . http://www.ojjdp.gov/mpg/litreviews/Bullying.pdf

    This literature review provides practitioners and policymakers with relevant research and evaluations on bullying.

  6. Office for Civil Rights. U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights page s . English . http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/index.html

    The Office for Civil Rights' mission is to ensure equal access to education and to promote educational excellence through vigorous enforcement of civil rights in our nation's schools. The office serves student populations facing discrimination and the advocates and institutions promoting systemic solutions to civil rights problems.

  7. Office for Civil Rights Case Processing Manual (CPM). Office for Civil Rights (OCR) 38 page s . 2010. English . http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/ocrcpm.html

    This manual contains the procedures used by OCR to investigate and resolve cases of alleged discrimination.

  8. Refugee and Immigrant Youth and Bullying: Frequently Asked Questions. Bridging Refugee Youth and Children Services (BRYCS) 9 page s . 2010. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/bullying.pdf

    This tool, which is part of a larger schools toolkit, highlights the topic of refugee and immigrant youth and bullying along with "promising practices" and a list of highlighted resources.

  9. Stop Bullying Now! (Web site). U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) page s . 2004. English Spanish . http://www.stopbullying.gov/

    This Web site provides information and resources on bullying awareness, prevention, and intervention. It provides a collection of tip sheets, toolkits, and sections for different target audiences (such as teachers), a page for kids, and more.  

  10. The Educational, Psychological, and Social Impact of Discrimination on the Immigrant Child. Spears Brown, Christia 28 page s . September 2015. English . http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/educational-psychological-and-social-impact-discrimination-immigrant-child

    This report focuses on incidents of personal discrimination, as perceived by the child, that have identifiable repercussions.

  11. The Four-One-One: Bullying. Seale, Allison 40 page s . September 2004. English . https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/grants/226235.pdf

    This report reviews the research on bullying and provides research-based practical guidance for schools, parents, and students in countering bullying.

  12. Understanding Bullying. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2 page s . 2015. English . http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/bullying_factsheet.pdf

    This factsheet discusses bullying as a form of youth violence and a public health problem.

  1. 2010 DCL on Harassment. U.S. Department of Education page s . 2010. English . http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/letters/colleague-201010.html

    Discusses whether or not student misconduct also results in discriminatory harassment.

  2. 2015 DCL on Tolerance. U.S. Department of Education page s . December 2015. English . http://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/guid/secletter/151231.html

    A short list of government resources that can help you engage in anti-bullying and anti-discrimination efforts.

  3. Anti-Bullying Activities: Anti-Bullying Lesson Plans. World Education page s . 2016. English . http://www.educationworld.com/a_special/bully.shtml

    School violence is an issue in the news and on the minds of educators and administrators alike. Education World takes a look at the problem of bullying and how to stop it.

  4. Bullying in Schools: An Overview. Seeley, Ken , Tombari, Martin L. , Bennett, Laurie J. 12 page s . December 2011. English . http://www.ojjdp.gov/pubs/234205.pdf

    Examines the connection between different types and frequencies of bullying, truancy, and student achievement, and whether students' engagement in school mediates these factors.

  5. Bullying Prevention Guide: For Parents, Teachers, School Administrators and Community Members. Islamic Networks Group 22 page s . 2014. English . https://ing.org/bullying-prevention-guide/

    This guide was created in the hope that it will help prevent the bullying of students in public and private schools, including fulltime and weekend Islamic schools.

  6. Bullying: Facts for Schools and Parents. Cohn, Andrea , Canter, Andrea page s . October 2003. English . http://www.naspcenter.org/factsheets/bullying_fs.html

    This fact sheet covers facts on bullying, victims, outcomes, and gives information on what schools can do.

  7. Checklist for a Comprehensive Approach to Addressing Harassment. Office for Civil Rights (OCR), U.S. Department of Education page s . January 1999. English . http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/checklist.html

    A checklist for a comprehensive approach to addressing harassment in schools.

  8. Creating a Safe and Respectful Environment on Our Nation’s School Buses. National Association for Pupil Transportation (NAPT) , Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools , Safe and Supportive Schools Technical Assistance Center. page s . 2011. English . https://netforum.avectra.com/eweb/DynamicPage.aspx?Site=NAPT&WebCode=bullying

    The first module, titled "See Something. Do Something:  Intervening in Bullying Behavior," will teach drivers what does and does not constitute bullying, how to respond to the behavior on or around the bus, and specific strategies for addressing and reporting bullying as it occurs. The second module, "Creating a Supportive Bus Climate: Preventing Bullying, focuses on building mutual respect on the school bus. The training will encourage drivers to consider what a supportive bus climate looks like and how it prevents bullying; and learn and commit to perform simple, concrete strategies to build positive relationships on the school bus.

  9. CRS Programs for Managing School Multicultural Conflict. U.S. Department of Justice, Community Relations Service 2 page s . June 25, 2014. English . https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/crs/legacy/2012/12/17/school-multicultural-conflict.pdf

    Information from the Department of Justice's Community Relations Service about their programs for racial and ethnic conflict prevention and management.

  10. Developing a Positive School Climate to Prevent Bullying and Cyberbullying. Hinduja, Sameer , Patchin, Justin W. page s . March 2015. English . http://cyberbullying.org/developing-a-positive-school-climate-to-prevent-bullying-and-cyberbullying

    This article discusses what schools can do to develop and maintain a positive climate wherein bullying in all of its forms is not tolerated (by staff or students).

  11. Helping Educators and Counselors Prevent Bullying of and Discrimination Against our Nation's Muslim Youth. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention . May 23, 2016. English . http://www.ojjdp.gov/events/EventDetail.asp?ei=25570&p=list

    This webinar covers civil rights, bullying and harassment, basic cultural competence, behavioral health implications of bullying, and resources for protecting America's Muslim youth.

  12. Identifying and Responding to Bias Incidents. Teaching Tolerance page s . English . http://www.tolerance.org/activity/identifying-and-responding-bias-incidents

    This short guides provides tips for being able to tell when and incident is motivated by some sort of bias, and it provides suggestions for resolving such incidents.

  13. Lesson Plan Booster: How Can Students Help a Bullied Peer?. Tomaszewski, Jason page s . 2011. English . http://www.educationworld.com/a_lesson/student_engagers/bullying_student_engager.shtml

    This brief guide can be used to generate a student discussion after a case of student bullying is highlighted in the press. The guide also can be used at any time as a companion to anti-bullying curricula, activities or programs—during a student advisory period, following a school assembly on the topic, or as part of a social studies, psychology, health or current events class.

  14. Measuring and Transforming School Climate: A Toolkit for Districts and Schools. The Colorado Education Initiative 20 page s . October 2012. English . http://www.coloradoedinitiative.org/resources/measuring-school-climate-toolkit-districts-schools/ http://www.coloradoedinitiative.org/resources/transforming-school-climate-toolkit/

    These toolkits provide guidelines for measuring school climate, assessing readiness, obtaining parent consent, using multiple sources of data to monitor climate, conducting a focus group, communicating your results, includes a comparison of common climate surveys and focus on student self-esteem, positive self-concept and motivation to learn.

  15. Misdirections in Bullying Prevention and Intervention. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) 2 page s . unknown. English Spanish . https://www.stopbullying.gov/prevention/at-school/educate/misdirections-in-prevention.pdf

    This tip sheet is a part of the larger Stop Bullying campaign.  It briefly reviews misdirected intervention and prevention strategies and emphasizes the need for interventions to focus on changing school climate. 

  16. Positive School Climate: Bullying and Harassment Prevention and Education School Resource Guide. Colorado School Safety Resource Center 32 page s . June 2014. English . http://cdpsdocs.state.co.us/safeschools/CSSRC%20Documents/CSSRC%20Bullying%20-%20School%20Resource%20Guide%202014.pdf

    This Colorado School Guide includes resources that may help to address bullying and harassment in schools.

  17. Resource Mapping Toolkit and Positive School Climate Action Plan Template. Colorado School Safety Resource Center 6 page s . November 2012. English . http://cdpsdocs.state.co.us/safeschools/CSSRC%20Documents/CSSRC%20Resource%20Mapping%20Toolkit.pdf

    This template includes a positive school climate action plan and a resource mapping model. The resource mapping model will help you to visualize where you might have redundancies and/or gaps as you plan for the next school year.

  18. Resources for Examining Your School's Climate. Teaching Tolerance page s . 2007. English . http://www.tolerance.org/activity/examining-your-schools-climate

    This is a collections of surveys and other instruments designed to reveal the true nature of prejudice and harassment in schools.

  19. Responding to Bullying: Tips for Educators. Colorado School Safety Resource Center 3 page s . August 2014. English . http://cdpsdocs.state.co.us/safeschools/CSSRC%20Documents/CSSRC%20Responding%20to%20Bullying%20Tips%20for%20Educators.pdf

    This tip sheet includes tips for educators on what they can do to respond to bullying and support the children affected by it. Additional resources are available as well.

  20. School Training: A Strategy for Changing School Climate for Refugee Children. Children’s Crisis Treatment Center 47 page s . May 2010. English . http://www.healthinschools.org/~/media/Caring%20Across%20Communities/CCTC%20Final%20Products/CCTC%20Tamaa%20Guidebook.ashx

    This manual was designed to assist those working with war traumatized students including clinicians, teachers, and other school personnel. The resources examine the school climate, the refugee and resettlement experience, as well as identifying partners and funding, and offer actual classroom outlines, post-tests, and PowerPoint presentations.

  21. Spotlight on Bullying. Education Week page s . 2011. English . http://www.edweek.org/ew/marketplace/products/spotlight-bullying-2012.html

    This spotlight brings together a collection of articles on increasing school safety and student mental health, preventing and responding to cyberbullying, federal efforts to keep schools safe, schools' efforts to eliminate bullying and harassment, what parents can do to prevent bullying, and more. (Description from source).

  22. The Relationship Between Bullying and Suicide: What We Know and What it Means for Schools. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control 10 page s . April 2016. English . http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/bullying-suicide-translation-final-a.pdf

    This report aims to learn more about the relationship between bullying and suicide with the goal of using this knowledge to save lives and prevent future bullying. The report also gives concrete, action-oriented information to help you improve schools' understanding of and ability to prevent and respond to the problem of bullying and suicide-related behavior.

  23. Turning Social Media to Social Justice. Southern Poverty Law Center 68 page s . Spring 2011. English . http://www.tolerance.org/magazine/number-39-spring-2011

    This issue of Teaching Tolerance has a number of immigration related articles. Topics include the complex immigration debate and suggestions for educators to defuse the issue in class discussions, anti-Muslim bias, improving diversity in the classroom, teaching about human trafficking, addressing bullying and more. 

  24. Twenty Plus Things Schools Can Do to Respond to or Prevent Hate Incidents Against Arab-Americans, Muslims, and Sikhs. U.S. Department of Justice, Community Relations Service 2 page s . December 12, 2013. English Spanish . https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/crs/legacy/2012/12/17/20-plus-things.pdf

    This information sheet provides schools with tips on how to respond to or prevent
    hate incidents and create cultural competency.

  1. 15+ Make Time To Listen, Take Time To Talk...About Bullying: Conversation Starter Cards. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) 9 page s . 2008. English . http://store.samhsa.gov/product/15-Make-Time-To-Listen-Take-Time-To-Talk-About-Bullying/SMA08-4321

    Encourages parents and caregivers to spend at least 15 minutes a day listening and talking with their children to prevent youth violence. Provides interactive questions to start conversations with children about bullying and bullying prevention.

  2. A Parent's Guide to Bullying Prevention. Partnership University page s . 2016. English . http://www.partnershipuniversity.org/parents-guide-bullying-prevention-1

    This interactive guide provides an overview of key terms and concepts, tips on understanding a child's natural temperament, strategies for working with children who are either the target of bullying, bully others, or bystanders, and guidance on communicating with a school/teacher about bullying.

  3. Bullying and Victimization: What Adults Can Do to Help. University of Nebraska- Lincoln Extension 6 page s . 2007. English . http://www.montgomeryschoolsmd.org/uploadedFiles/schools/rica/homepage/What%20Adults%20Can%20do%20to%20Help%20-%20article.pdf

    This manual is designed to help people working with children identify some of the most common forms of bullying and victimization, and be able to effectively work with children and youth who are experiencing these kinds of conflicts and abuses.

  4. Bullying at School: What a Family Can Do. Office of the Education Ombudsman 2 page s . 2007. Cambodian Chinese English Korean Russian Somali Spanish Vietnamese . http://oeo.wa.gov/education-issues-topics/bullying-harassment-and-intimidation/a-parens-role-in-preventing-bullying/

    This pamphlet is a part of the Seven Resources for Parents and Schools, which is a series of publications for newcomer parents and families to American schools produced by the state of Washington.  Among the publications are resources that cover topics like resolving conflict at school, parent and student rights, participating in your child’s education, making the most of parent-teacher conferences, bullying at school, and the inner-workings of a school district.  Most of these materials are translated into Cambodian, Chinese, Korean, Russian, Somali, Spanish and Vietnamese. 

  5. Bullying: We Can All Help Stop It. Ontario Ministry of Education 5 page s . 2009. Arabic Chinese English Farsi Greek Hindi Italian Korean Polish Portuguese Punjabi Russian Somali Spanish Tagalog Tamil Ukrainian Urdu . http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/parents/bullying.html

    This multilingual guide is for parents of elementary and secondary school students that defines what bullying is and provides information for parents on what to do if their child is being bullied. It is directed at parents in Ontario, Canada, but most of the information is applicable to those in other areas.  Click on “Help in 22 languages” to access this guide. 

  6. Connect for Respect (C4R) Toolkit. National Parent Teachers Association (PTA) page s . English . http://www.pta.org/programs/content.cfm?ItemNumber=3003

    Connect for Respect (C4R) is National PTA's initiative to help students, parents and educators to create school climates full of safe and supportive peer relationships. Use the Connect for Respect (C4R) Toolkit to guide your PTA/PTSA on ways to engage students in improving the school climate and reducing bullying.

  7. Eyes on Bullying Toolkit. Storey, Kim , Slaby, Ron , Adler, Melanie 44 page s . June 2013. English . http://www.eyesonbullying.org/pdfs/toolkit.pdf

    This toolkit provides specific insights, strategies, activities, and resources to address bullying. It is designed especially for parents, caregivers, educators, and healthcare providers who work with children and youth in homes, early childhood programs, schools (K-12), afterschool and youth programs, camps, and healthcare settings.

  8. KnowBullying. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) page s . July 2014. English . http://store.samhsa.gov/apps/knowbullying/index.html

     A free app that has simple conversation starters to begin a discussion with your child. It also provides strategies to prevent bullying for different ages, how to recognize if your child is engaging in bullying, being bullied, or witnessing bullying, and tips for educators.

  9. PACER Center's National Center for Bullying Prevention (Web site). Pacer Center, Inc. page s . 2007. English Hmong Somali Spanish . http://pacer.org/bullying/index.asp

    This Web site provides free handouts for English, Spanish, Hmong, and Somali speaking parents. Topics include talking to your children about bullying, talking with school administrators, record-keeping and bullying, and IEPs and bullying. Click on "Translated Content" at the bottom or on "Resources for Parents and Professionals" for many translated materials.

  10. Refugee Youth and Bullying Workshop Materials. Catholic Charities Atlanta 8 page s . 2010. English Nepali Russian . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/bullyingAtlanta.pdf

    The Refugee Parenting Program of Catholic Charities Atlanta frequently hosts workshops for refugee parents on various topics. One such workshop is on refugee youth and bullying and this document outlines what they cover and how they facilitate the workshop.  Workshop materials include a pre/post test in English, Nepali, and Russian.

  1. Bully Prevention in Positive Behavior Support. Ross, Scott , Horner, Rob , Stiller, Bruce 52 page s . 2014. English . http://www.pbis.org/common/cms/files/pbisresources/pbsbullyprevention.pdf

    This manual was designed to provide students with tools to reduce bullying behavior through the blending of school-wide positive behavior support, explicit instruction, and a redefinition of the bullying construct.

  2. Creating a Refuge From Bullying. ECDC/African Community Center of Denver's Youth Outreach Anti-Bullying Project page s . 2006. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    This video explores the refugee condition as a product of bullying on a global scale. Refugee children have experienced persecution in all its forms-causing them to lose their heritage, culture, and sense of security. When they enter the American school system, they are often bullied or excluded based on their lack of English or cultural differences. Creating a Refuge from Bullying features Amjaad and Il Gude, an Iraqi boy and Somali Bantu girl, who describe their experiences with American peers as they try to assimilate into the American school system and culture. The film also
    helps identify and address bullying on a more general level as a problem that every student can help solve, whether they are victims, bystanders, or bullies themselves.

  3. Kids Against Bullying (Web site). PACER's National Bullying Prevention Center page s . English . http://www.pacerkidsagainstbullying.org/kab/

    This is a bullying prevention website that actively leads social change, so that bullying is no longer considered an accepted childhood rite of passage. It is an educational website designed for elementary school students to learn about bullying prevention, engage in activities and be inspired to take action.

  4. My Name Is Bilal. Mobin-Uddin, Asma , Kiwak, Barbara (illustrator) 30 page s . 2005. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    A book about a Muslim boy and his sister, Ayesha who encounter teasing at their new school, mostly because Ayesha covers her hair. The bullies taunt them by telling them to "go back to your own country" and by tugging on Ayesha's headscarf. Bilal starts off school by announcing his name is "Bill" in order keep his Muslim identity a secret, but after he stands up to the bullying, he comfortably shares his real name. This is a great book for refugee or immigrant students who are struggling with their identity as Muslims.

  5. Teens Against Bullying (Web site). PACER Center . 2009. English . http://www.pacerteensagainstbullying.org/

    This website is on national teen bullying prevention. Though it is not specifically designed for refugee and immigrant youth, it may help newcomer youth who are teased and bullied. It includes many audio files, so it may be particularly helpful to newcomers who are not strong readers. 

  1. Bullying Prevention Resource Guide. The Partnership for Families and Children , The Colorado Trust page s . 2008. English . https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/cssrc/bullying-harassment

    This resource guide was designed to help communities across the nation take advantage of what has been learned over the past 3-1/2 years by the schools, districts, and nonprofit organizations participating in The Colorado Trust’s Bullying Prevention Initiative. Some of the information in this guide may be particularly useful to refugee-serving agencies since one of the agencies that participated in this initiative is the African Community Center, which serves African immigrant and refugee youth in Denver. Their contributions to the initiative, particularly on cultural competency, are particularly important as the field of bullying prevention lacks research on cultural competency.  

  2. Bullying Prevention Training Course. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services , www.stopbullying.gov page s . 14, 2015. English . http://www.stopbullying.gov/prevention/training-center/bullying-prevention-training-course/index.html http://www.stopbullying.gov/prevention/training-center/prnt_friendly_speaker_notes.pdf

    Discover your role in bullying prevention! This training provides guidance on how to take a public health approach to bullying prevention through the use of long-term, community-wide prevention strategies. Take the course, earn continuing education and make a difference today!

  3. Bullying Surveillance Among Youths: Uniform Definitions for Public Health and Recommended Data Elements. Gladden, R. Matthew , Vivolo-Kantor, Alana M. , Hamburger, M.E. 116 page s . January 10, 2014. English . http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/bullying-definitions-final-a.pdf

    This report is designed as a tool to help organizations, researchers, evaluators, community groups, educators, and public health officials define and gather systematic data on bullying to better inform research and prevention efforts. It is intended to improve the consistency and comparability of data collected on bullying.

  4. Community Action Toolkit. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services , www.stopbullying.gov 58 page s . October 18, 2012. English . http://www.stopbullying.gov/prevention/training-center/community-action-toolkit.pdf

    This toolkit includes materials to create a community event using the research, ideas and bullying prevention and response strategies from StopBullying.gov. Using this Toolkit will help you plan, execute and assess your community event to prevent and stop bullying.

  5. Measuring Bullying Victimization, Perpetration, and Bystander Experiences: A Compendium of Assessment Tools. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , National Center for Injury Prevention and Control , Division of Violence Prevention 128 page s . 2011. English . http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/bullycompendium-a.pdf

    This compendium provides researchers, prevention specialists, and health educators with tools to measure a range of bullying experiences: bully perpetration, bully victimization, bully-victim experiences, and bystander experiences.

  6. Model Programs Guide Literature Review: Bullying. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) 9 page s . November 2013. English . http://www.ojjdp.gov/mpg/litreviews/Bullying.pdf

    This literature review provides practitioners and policymakers with relevant research and evaluations on bullying.

  7. Preventing Youth Violence: Opportunities for Action. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , National Center for Injury Prevention and Control , Division of Violence Prevention 54 page s . June 2014. English . http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/youthviolence/opportunities-for-action.html

    This report provides information and action steps that can help public health and other community leaders work with partners to prevent youth violence. This resource also describes actions that young people, families, caregivers, adults who work with youth, and other community members can take to reduce youth violence.