Helping Refugee and Immigrant Families Stay Together

Family Preservation and Family Strengthening Materials

  1. "Assessment and Intervention with Families in a Multicultural World". In Social Work with Families.. Constable, Robert , Lee, Daniel B. 32 page s . 2004. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    In this chapter, the authors discuss the way in which culture affects relational processes, family structures, communication, and problem-solving strategies. Some of the concrete suggestions presented by the authors include the importance of involving the family in defining strengths and needs, conducting ongoing assessment and actively testing possibilities, focusing on the present with the past as background, and beginning with the family member given the most authority in the family's culture. In addition, the authors suggest using culturally relevant metaphors, linking the family with cultural and spiritual resources, and helping the family construct responses to their needs that are culturally appropriate. Overall, the authors provide nine principles of transcultural practice. Woven throughout the chapter are pertinent case examples such as medical neglect with a Hmong family, a Korean adolescent involved with a gang, and physical punishment in a Chinese family with two adolescents, amongothers.

  2. "Providing Culturally Sensitive Intensive Family Preservation Services to Ethnic Minority Families". In Intensive Family Preservation Services: An Instructional Sourcebook, edited by Elizabeth M. Tracy, David A. Haapala, Jill Kinney, Peter J. Pecora. Hodges, Vanessa G. 22 page s . 1991. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    This chapter urges child welfare service providers to carry out culturally sensitive work with ethnic minorities in the United States. The author discusses how levels of acculturation can affect relations between first-, second- and third-generation family members and how unresolved conflicts may prompt the involvement of child welfare services. In these cases, the chapter encourages use of the HOMEBUILDERS model. This practice model promotes culturally sensitive work through drawing upon a similar value base with clients and making services available around the clock, even providing counseling within the client's home. Empowerment comes first and foremost in the HOMEBUILDERS intervention, where service-providers commit to building skills and promoting alternative ways of solving conflicts. Overall, the chapter encourages those working within the child welfare system to build a relationship of trust with their clients by addressing racial differences, allowing clients to define their "family", and promoting empowerment through building culturally-sound new skills.

  3. A Family Beliefs Framework for Socially and Culturally Specific Preventive Interventions With Refugee Youths and Families. Ying, Yu-Wen , Han, Meekyung 9 page s . 2006. English . http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16569119

    This article presents data used to design a family-focused preventative intervention model for use exclusively within the social and cultural framework of refugee youth and families. This study followed members of the Bosnian refugee community in Chicago using the Coffee and Family Education and Support (CAFES) group intervention program to address parental concerns of youth underachievement and family conflict. The seven-week program covered topics such as: family and youth priorities; the adolescent in the urban setting; school life; city life; family values and beliefs; and celebration of the future. 

  4. A Test of the Intergenerational Congruence in Immigrant Families-Child Scale with Southeast Asian Americans. Ying, Yu-Wen , Han, Meekyung 35-43 page s . March 2007. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    Describes results of a psychometric tool, the Intergenerational Congruence in Immigrant Families-Child Scale (ICIF-CS), to help social workers assess the parent-child relationship of immigrant families. Research documents transmission of trauma across generational lines that results in family conflict and first-generation children who exhibit insecurity and psychological stress in Southeast Asian refugee families. The ICIF-CS begins with the question, "I am satisfied with my relationship with my mother/father," and seven other questions that begin "my mother/father and I": (1) agree on aims, goals, and important things in life, (2) agree on friends, (3) agree on the amount of time we spend together, (4) agree on how we demonstrate our feelings for each other, (5) generally talk things over, (6) agree on how to behave in an American setting, and (7) agree on how to behave in a Vietnamese/Cambodian/Hmong setting. Results of 188 college-age participants showed slightly more positive relationships for the mother than the father and a moderate level of intergenerational conflict. Self-esteem levels were significantly lower than European American college students but this deviance might be a consequence of the Asian culture norms of self-effacement. Depression levels were slightly higher than for American peers.

  5. An Examination of Intensive Family Preservation Services. Kirk, Raymond S. , Griffith, Diane P. 95 page s . November 2007. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    Studies the outcomes of the Intensive Family Preservation Services (IFPS) and Intensive Family Reunification Services (IFRS) programs in seven states to determine the family types and resulting changes for the family after using these services. Data from IFPS programs in Colorado, Indiana, Maryland, Missouri, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Washington were included in this analysis. Although differences in data variables, automation, and definitions were noted, each program followed well-developed IFPS features such as small caseloads, rapid response, 24/7 availability, time-limited services, high levels of face-to-face contact, and provision of concrete (e.g., financial) and clinical services. Aggregate data of family and maltreatment types indicate 93% child placement prevention rates using the IFPS model. Post-intervention assessments reveal positive increases in family functioning, environmental concerns, parental capability, family safety, and child well-being. Even with limited data on race and substance abuse, no indications of IFPS success are linked to racial type or maltreatment type. IFPS programs may be a positive tool to work with families facing substance abuse issues. Family reunification data showed mixed results, although largely positive; sixty-nine percent of families were reunited with their families. Fifty-four percent of these children were living with their biological families and the remaining fifteen percent were living with adoptive parents, relatives, or guardians. Race and maltreatment types were influential variables with African American and family neglect cases having the lowest reunification rates.

  6. Assessment of Issues Facing Immigrant and Refugee Families. Segal, Uma A. , Mayadas, Nazneen S. 563-583 page s . 2005 September-October. English . http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.467.4575&rep=rep1&type=pdf

    This article identifies the different problems immigrants and refugees face in the United States, especially socioeconomic and psychosocial concerns that often relate to the experience of migration. Traditional familial roles and responsibilities are frequently challenged, exacerbated by sociocultural differences and inadequatem understandings between the new arrivals and the host country. Essential in assessments of immigrant and refugee families is evaluating resources for social, economic, and cultural integration; discriminating between realistic and unrealistic expectations; evaluating families' problem-solving abilities; exploring family functioning within the context of heritage; identifying the transferability of work skills; and gauging families' learning capabilities and motivation for adaptation. -description from source

  7. Child Abuse and Culture: Working with Diverse Families. Fontes, Lisa Aronson 239 page s . February 2005. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    This book provides a framework for culturally competent practice in child maltreatment cases. It offers vital knowledge and tools to help professionals from any background play a more positive, effective role in the lives of diverse children and families.

  8. Culturally Competent Family Preservation Services: An Approach for First-Generation Hispanic Families in an International Border Community. Sandau-Beckler, Patricia A. , Salcido, Ricardo , Ronnau, John 313-323 page s . 1993. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    Presents the structure of the Family Preservation Approach, explains the tenets of cultural competence, and provides a detailed case study of a Hispanic family in a Texas border town. The Family Preservation Approach to case management applies the following values: self-determination, empowerment, respect, acceptance, teamwork, uniqueness and cultural diversity, hopefulness, and commitment. Cultural competence requires five steps: (1) an awareness of the importance of culture on family preservation counseling; (2) an awareness of one's own culture as it impacts practice; (3) understanding the complexity and diversity of culture; (4) planning for the on-going development of cross-cultural knowledge; and (5) modification of practice behavior. The case study follows the N. family, living in El Paso, Texas, after the 10-year-old daughter arrives at school with bruises on her arms. After a home visit, Child Protective Services determined that the mother beat the child with a belt and the two other children in the home also suffered physical and emotional abuse. Pre-engagement sensitivity included assignment of a Spanish-speaking Family Preservation (FP) counselor so that interviews were conducted in the native language. Throughout the entire case management cycle - engagement, assessment, intervention planning, and evaluation - the FP included a respectful knowledge of the cultural values balanced with individual needs. Although this example uses a Hispanic family, the concepts are universal and can be applied to any immigrant family in crisis.

  9. Culturally Competent Practice with Immigrant and Refugee Children and Families. Fong, Rowena, editor 320 page s . November 2003. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    "This book covers the breadth of issues involved in working with immigrant and refugee children and families. Within an innovative conceptual framework, essential knowledge is presented to guide culturally competent practice with clients from over 14 immigrant groups whose numbers are growing in the United States today. Expert authors review the history of each group's migration to the U.S. and discuss key issues facing families, including cultural conflicts, trauma associated with refugee experiences and/or illegal status, and the effects of poverty and discrimination. Particular attention is given to ways that the practitioner can help families draw on culturally based resources for coping and resilience as they navigate the challenges of their new lives. Recommendations for strengths-based assessment and intervention are brought to life in detailed case examples." - Publisher's description

  10. Evaluation of Family Preservation and Reunification Programs: Final Report. Westat , Chapin Hall Center for Children , James Bell Associates 221 page s . April 2002. English . https://aspe.hhs.gov/execsum/evaluation-family-preservation-and-reunification-programs-final-report

    Presents a comparative analysis of three Homebuilder Family preservation programs in Kentucky, New Jersey, and Tennessee with a broader, home-based family preservation service model in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Homebuilder Model, created in Tacoma, Washington in 1974, initiates contact with the family in crisis within 24 hours, limits caseload size to one or two families per worker, and provides up to 20 hours of counseling services for four to six weeks. The broader, home-based model used in Philadelphia stresses longer-term interventions with 12 weeks of service, focuses on drug and alcohol abuse, provides concrete services and counseling, and maintains caseloads of five families per worker. Each program uses an experimental group of caseworkers using the family preservation programs and a control group of caseworkers. This evaluation fails to provide statistical evidence that family preservation programs have more than minimal benefit to improved family or child functioning. However,intense and short-term service programs may meet the needs of some families entering the child welfare system and can be useful tools in the array of possible options for treatment. Specialization of services for type of problem (substance abuse) or client characteristics (young isolated mothers) may offer another avenue to increase positive results. The approach of developing a series of small, targeted programs may prove more effective than a single, large effort.

  11. Families from Refugee Populations–Best Practices Guide. Shannon, Patricia , Cook, Tonya 2 page s . 2016. English . http://cascw.umn.edu/portfolio-items/families-from-refugee-populations-best-practices-guide/

    This guide from the Center for Advance Studies in Child Welfare, is intended to be an overview of selected topics that are relevant to providing culturally responsive services to families with refugee backgrounds and understanding their unique needs. General themes were identified through a literature review and interviews with refugee families. This guide is not meant to be exhaustive or representative of every family with a refugee background.

  12. Family Preservation Programs. National Resource Center for Family-Centered Practice and Permanency Planning 6 page s . February 29, 2008. English . http://www.hunter.cuny.edu/socwork/nrcfcpp/downloads/Family_Preservation_Programs.pdf

    Compares ten family preservation programs, with varying approaches and intensity levels, in order to provide impartial information on the available tools for case workers and social services administrators. For each program a brief description is provided as well as key elements and evidence of success if it has been tested or evaluated by external agencies. The Homebuilders program supplies intensive, in-home crisis intervention, counseling, and life-skills education to avoid child placement in state care. The Wraparound program uses a team-based planning model to individualize and coordinate care of at-risk children and those with mental health challenges. Project Connect works with families facing substance abuse problems. Shared Family Care places a parent and young children in the home of a mentor family to teach skills and develop needed support structures. Healthy Families New York provides intensive home visitation services for expectant and new parents (less than three months), Project SafeCare is a six-month in-home parenting program to assist parents with child safety, health care, and behavior management. Functional Family Therapy focuses on adolescent youth (age 10-18) with conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, or substance abuse issues. Project STAR attempts to provide resources to keep babies safely with birth families. Project First Step - Doula Care promotes child health and safety using trained volunteers to strategize resources needed to assist at-risk families. Crisis Nursery Care provides a safe haven for children to relieve a potential or existing family crisis.

  13. Family Preservation: Making it Work for Asians. Fong, Rowena page s . 1994. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    Guides social service providers in delivery of culturally sensitive management of family preservation services to Asian American families. Despite the stereotype of Asians being the "model minority," this group continues to face discrimination and integration challenges, especially if they have suffered psychological trauma prior to immigrating. Asian family values revolve around two concepts: (1) filial piety, emphasizing respect for the elderly, sharply defined gender roles, and duty and obedience from all family members to the eldest male; and (2) avoiding "losing face," which promotes conformity and behavior that will only honor the family's reputation. When an Asian family requires social service interventions, it is crucial to capitalize on family strengths, affirm ethnic characteristics such as loyalty and cohesion, and empower the family to find connections within their cultural community to help develop and accept new roles. Culturally sensitive practice principles consist of: (1) following protocol to respect authority figures; (2) describing personal education and experience to instill confidence in Asian clients; (3) remembering that nonverbal messages are crucial; (4) being sensitive to gender assignments for each case; (5) respecting and including elderly family members in decision-making; (6) avoiding challenging or publicly embarrassing family authority figures; and (7) establishing trust by spending adequate time with the Asian family.

  14. Introduction to Family Strengthening: Policy Brief No. 1. Family Strengthening Policy Center (FSPC) 12 page s . October 2004. English . http://www.nassembly.org/FSPC/documents/PolicyBriefs/Brief1.pdf

    "The family strengthening framework has been embraced by the Annie E. Casey Foundation (AECF), which is committed to fostering public policies, human service reforms, and community supports that better meet the needs of vulnerable families. The underlying principle of the foundation's work is that children do well when their families do well, and families do better when they live in supportive neighborhoods. AECF defines family strengthening as a deliberate process of giving parents the necessary opportunities, relationships, networks, and supports to raise their children successfully, which includes involving parents as decision-makers in how their communities meet family needs. Building on the Foundation's work, the Family Strengthening Policy Center seeks to mainstream family strengthening practice by making it a public priority. By leveraging the National Assembly's network of nearly 70 human and health service nonprofit organizations, the Center's objective is to influence how family policy is formulated and implemented." - Publisher's description CONTENTS State of Family Well-Being Family Strengthening Principles and Practice The Case for Family-Centered and Neighborhood-Based Services Origins of Family Strengthening -- A Grassroots, Community-Based Movement Family Strengthening Approach as Contrasted with Prevailing Practice Meaningful Outcomes Resources References

  15. Lessons from Family Strengthening Interventions: Learning from Evidence-Based Practice. Caspe, Margaret , Lopez, M. Elena 21 page s . October 2006. English . http://www.hfrp.org/publications-resources/browse-our-publications/lessons-from-family-strengthening-interventions-learning-from-evidence-based-practice

    This report aims to help educators, service providers, and local evaluators in schools, intermediary and community-based organizations, and social service agencies become more effective by highlighting the best program and evaluation practices of family-strengthening intervention programs. - Author's Abstract

  16. Listen to the Children: Conversations with Immigrant Families. Conde-Frazier, Elizabeth 69 page s . 2011. English Spanish This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    This unique bilingual resource looks at the relationship between immigrant parents, their children, and their caregivers. The resource examines how and why adults make the decision to emigrate, how separation affects children, and the challenges of reunification.

  17. Making Up For Lost Time: The Experience of Separation and Reunification Among Immigrant Families. Suarez-Orozco, Carola , Todorova, Irina L.G. , Louie, Josephine 625-643 page s . 2002. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    Analyzes five-year longitudinal data from 385 youths of various native cultures to determine the impact of separation and reunification. The data are derived from the Longitudinal Immigrant Student Adaptation Study (LISA) at Harvard University and included youth from Central America, China, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Mexico currently living in the Boston or San Francisco metropolitan areas. Data collection was based on student and parent interviews using a variety of open-ended or forced choice questions to determine schooling expectations, kinship, family life, social networks, and aspirations. Results indicated that 85% of the youth in the sample were separated from one or both parents during the migration process with the length of separation between two to five years. Anecdotal information from the interviews reveals the pain experienced by the children during these separations. Reunification was described with relief and joy but with strong feelings of disorientation and disconnection between parent and child. Although the process of separation and reunification is complex, family therapists must assess the context and circumstances of the separation to determine the long-term effects. If the process was managed with cooperation and communication between parent and caretaker, the feelings of loss should be minimized.

  18. Pathway to the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect. Schorr, Lisbeth B. , Marchand, Vicky 163 page s . June 2007. English . http://www.dss.cahwnet.gov/CDSSWEB/entres/pdf/Pathway.pdf

    This report outlines six goals for what it takes to improve the lives of children and families: Goal 1: Children and Youth Nurtured, Safe, and Engaged, Goal 2: Strong, Connected Families, Goal 3: Identified Families Access Services and Supports, Goal 4: Families Free From Substance Abuse and Mental Illness, Goal 5: Caring Responsive Communities, Goal 6: Greater Capacity to Respond in Vulnerable Communities There is a chapter for each goal, which includes 1) actions with examples, 2) indicators of progress, 3) ingredients of effective implementation, 4) rationale, and 5) research evidence. The report is full of examples of promising and evidence-based practices. In addition, numerous references are made to respecting clients with diverse cultural backgrounds and respecting cultural norms. Some of the goals are particularly relevant for those working with refugee and immigrant communities, such as strengthening of families and communities, as well as improving the capacity of vulnerable communities to respond to abuse and neglect.

  19. Promoting Healthy Families in Your Community: 2008 Resource Packet. Child Welfare Information Gateway, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 68 page s . 2008. English Spanish . https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/packet.pdf

    This resource packet aims to help service providers prevent child abuse and offers specific methods and strategies to those working with youth. The resource proposes ways to increase collaboration between service providers and parents in an overall effort to stop child mistreatment before it occurs.

  20. Reconnecting Families Guidebook. U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI) , Fairfax (VA) County Public Schools 13 page s . 2016. English Spanish . http://refugees.org/research-reports/#tab-3

    This guidebook aims to help recently reunited families develop healthy communications and begin to reestablish relationships after an extended separation. It includes a general workbook as well as one for teens and their parents.

  21. Refugee Family Strengthening Resources. USCRI page s . n.d.. Arabic Burmese English Farsi Karen Nepali Somali Spanish . http://refugees.org/research-reports/#tab-3

    These resources were designed to help refugees and immigrants build strong communication and problem solving skills within their family. 

  22. Serving Immigrant Families Through Two-Generation Programs: Identifying Family Needs and Responsive Program Approaches. Park, Maki , McHugh, Margie , Katsiaficas, Caitlin 54 page s . November 2016. English . http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/serving-immigrant-families-through-two-generation-programs-identifying-family-needs-and

    This resource from Migration Policy Institute is the result of a study on a number of large two-generation programs across the United States working with immigrant families. The report compares key characteristics of immigrant and native-born parents of young children and illuminates key factors that make immigrant and refugee families an important target for two-generation programming, as well as potential challenges to effectively addressing their needs.

  23. Somali Family Strength: Working in the Communities. Heitritter, D. Lynn 12 page s . June 1999. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/SomaliFamilyStrengthReport.pdf

    Provides insights into how Somali families newly arrived in the United States describe the characteristics of a stable family and how strong families can be supported in resettlement. This report is based on a study of the growing Somali population in the Twin Cities (Minneapolis and St. Paul) of Minnesota, possibly the largest concentration of Somalis in the nation. Understanding the nature of family strength is important for service providers working with the local immigrant and refugee community because members of strong families are in a better position to form positive relationships and self-sustaining lives and to acquire the knowledge, skills, and tools they need to meet their daily responsibilities. Among the key findings of the study were that (1) religious traditions underpinned values for promoting family unity; (2) a hierarchical family structure was considered essential for the stability underlying family strength; (3) notions of cooperation and responsibility supported social unity within the family; (4) peace, harmony, and health promoted psychological unity within the family, with health understood as the integration of physical, mental, and spiritual well being; (5) family strength was shaped and supported through families' acceptance within the local Somali community and religious brotherhood; and (6) shifts in social and financial resources posed challenges to family strength.

  24. Strengthening Intergenerational Bonds in Immigrant and Refugee Communitites. Yoshida, Hitomi , Henkin, Nancy , Lehrman, Patience 34 page s . 2013. English . http://templeigc.org/resources/research

    This report aims to promote healthy aging in refugee and immigrant communities by developing programming designed to build meaningful relationships among non-familial youth and older adults and to increase the capacity of ethnic-based community organizations to strengthen intergenerational connectedness. This report presents four case studies that highlight recruitment strategies, key intergenerational activities, challenges, and outcomes for fostering intergenerational connections, and concludes with a summary of promising practices, benefits, and recommendations for practitioners.
     

  25. Strengthening Refugee Families: Designing Programs for Refugee and Other Families in Need. Scheinfeld, Daniel R. , Wallach, Lorraine B. , Langendorf, Trudi 256 page s . 1997. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    Documents the principles, practices, and results of a program serving Southeast Asian and other refugee families in Chicago, Illinois. Supported by the United Way of Chicago and the State of Illinois Department of Education, the Refugee Families Program assisted 150 families from Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, and China as well as Afghanistan and East Africa over a 6-year period. Most of the families lived below poverty level, had limited English-speaking proficiency, experienced difficulties connecting with medical, educational, housing, welfare, and occupational institutions, and faced many other pressures, including life-threatening situations. Among the goals of the program were to prepare children for entry into public school and to promote family stability. To this end, the program instituted child-parent preschool and after-school homework classes and provided direct hook ups to needed social service resources in the city. Practical information in the manual covers: (1) language instruction for parents; (2) recruitment, training, and supervision of teachers, bilingual staff, and volunteers; (3) aspects of program coordination and evaluation; (4) the theoretical framework and curriculum for child-parent classes; and (5) other considerations in designing a program for refugees or other marginal populations.

  26. The Experiences of Minority Immigrant Families Receiving Child Welfare Services: Seeking to Understand How to Reduce Risk and Increase Protective Factors. Maiter, Sarah , Stalker, Carol A. , Alaggia, Ramona 9 page s . 2009. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    This article reports on a research study with minority immigrant families. The aim was to understand stressors they perceived as contributing to child welfare interventions, and services they found helpful or unhelpful.

  27. The Parenting Imperative: Investing in Parents so Children and Youth Succeed. Family Strengthening Policy Center (FSPC), National Human Services Assembly 29 page s . October 2007. English . http://www.nassembly.org/fspc/documents/FSPPolicyBrief2210-30.pdf

    Provides recommendations on using an ecological model for parenting success that links the family, community, and public policies to support parents as effective caregivers for children. This model uses four concentric circles with the child and family first at the center; second is the primary environments of school, work and faith communities; third is local context of the neighborhood and family service systems; and fourth is the macro system of economic/social structures and public policy. Many families face at-risk situations, such as poverty, poor health, and social isolation, preventing community services to support the parents as they care for their children. The response calls for unparalleled mobilization of resources and services to address families in distress by following seven steps: (1) identifying high risk families; (2) understanding the issues facing these families; (3) developing goals to measure progress; (4) focusing on high impact areas for strategic investment; (5) investing in policies, program and service to directly support the parent, (6) developing strategies to connect with higher risk families through door-to-door outreach, and (7) advocating for state and federal policy changes to coordinate parenting success investments. Recommendations for implementation begin with reducing fragmentation in policies and programs, improving existing parenting resources, and involving parents as decision makers to influence the future direction of community services. (IP)

  28. Transcultural Approaches in Working with Traumatized Refugee and Asylum-Seeking Children, Youth, and Their Families. Berthold, S. M. 43 page s . 2007. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    Part I of this chapter provides an overview of some of the major challenges that refugee and asylum-seeking children and their families face. Part II discusses assessment and intervention, including sections on diagnostic issues and transcultural concerns (related to mental health), recommendations to prevent involvement with child protective services, intervention approaches, and resiliency in youth and their families. Part III is comprised of case vignettes, including an unaccompanied refugee minor from the Democratic Republic of Congo who runs away from her foster home, an Albanian family experiencing role changes and mental health concerns, and an asylum-seeking family affected by female genital circumcision.

  29. Understanding, Preventing, and Treating Problem Behaviors Among Refugee and Immigrant Youth. Hunt, Dennis , Morland, Lyn , Barocas, Ralph 52 page s . January 2, 2002. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/CMHS_publication.pdf

    Provides an overview of current research concerning adjustment and behavioral problems, including violence, among refugee and immigrant youth living in the United States as well as suggestions for effective prevention and treatment programs that can be used by health, education, and social service agencies. Chapters cover: (1) key definitions; (2) national statistics on youth problem behavior and prevalence of problem behaviors among refugee and immigrant youth; (3) risk factors for maladjustment and problem behaviors, viewed in the context of the individual, family, school, peer group, and community, as well as protective factors; and (4) applicability of mainstream anti-violence programs, highlighted by the Preserving, Enriching, and Assisting Refugee Children through Enrichment (PEACE) program, spearheaded by the Utah State Division of Mental Health. The strength of the PEACE program is the structure and integrity of its consensus-building process, which enables full participation, a sense of ownership, and leadership by the refugee community. Programs successfully adapted for refugee and immigrant youth are culturally sensitive, developmentally appropriate, comprehensive, family focused, long term and enduring, and sufficiently intense and involve early intervention, high rates of recruitment and retention, and highly trained personnel.

Refugee Healthy Marriage Materials

  1. 7 Things to Consider Before Saying "I Do" - Pre-Marriage Tips and Pointers. The Family and Youth Institute page s . November 10, 2015. English . https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MezIB0zUUYo&feature=youtu.be

    A video from the Family and Youth Institute that offers advice to help guide you on the way towards a more realistic and harmonious relationship and have a successful marriage.

  2. Adapting Healthy Marriage Programs for Disadvantaged and Culturally Diverse Populations: What are the Issues?. Ooms, Theodora 12 page s . March 2007. English . http://www.policyarchive.org/handle/10207/13787

    This brief looks at programs that were primarily designed for white, middle-class, educated couples and describes the types of adaptations that are underway to make them relevant and accessible to diverse populations.

  3. Assessing the Needs of Refugee and Asylee Families: A Healthy Marriage Initiative. N.B. Busch , R. Fong , L. Hefron 74 page s . 2004. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/texasrefhm.pdf

    "This project's purposes were to determine the marital and family challenges experienced by refugees, and outline services available to refugees, in Austin and San Antonio, Texas. Thirty-one families and 21 providers of refugee services participated. Refugees from 12 countries were included: Afghanistan, Bosnia, Colombia, Cuba, Ethiopia, Iran, Liberia, Republic of Congo, Serbia, Somalia, Sudan, and Vietnam. The Texas Health and Human Services Commission funded this project." - Publisher's description

  4. Creating Strong Families Motivational Training. Vue, Thai 101 page s . 2006. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/CreatingStrongFamilies.pdf

    This curriculum was created as a part of a program for refugees called "Creating Strong Families." It may be particularly useful with Hmong refugees as it was created by a Hmong organization. The purpose of the curriculum is to help refugees make educated choices, improve their self-esteem, take control of their lives, and recognize the benefits of becoming emotionally and economically self-sufficient. Some of the topics covered by this curriculum are: changes in roles, family relationships, grief and loss, differences between Eastern and Western beliefs, behavioral conventions in the workplace, domestic violence, and more. This curriculum also contains topics unique to refugee-produced materials such as "Reaching Out to Western Friends and Understanding their Culture."

  5. Family Wellness: Survival Skills for Healthy Families (adaptation). Catholic Charities of Tennessee, Inc. 13 page s . 2006. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/familywellness2.pdf

    This curriculum was developed by the Refugee Youth Program of Catholic Charities in Nashville and is based on the "Family Wellness: Survival Skills for Healthy Families" curriculum by Family Wellness Associates. This curriculum was created when Catholic Charities Nashville was a part of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishop's Strengthening Refugee Families and Marriages program from 2003-2006. This curriculum outlines sessions on: Making (and Following) Rules, What is My Job?, Getting Along with Friends, Changes, Problem Solving, and Values.

  6. National Healthy Marriage Resource Center (Web site). National Healthy Marriage Resource Center page s . n.d.. English . http://www.healthymarriageinfo.org/

    The National Healthy Marriage Resource Center (NHMRC) is a national resource and clearinghouse for information and research relating to healthy marriages. It is a "first-stop shop" for marriage and family trends and statistics, marriage education and programming, scholarly research and the latest news and events. In particular, the NHMRC also provides training and technical assistance presentations and documents for federally funded Healthy Marriage Initiative (HMI) grantees. -Publisher's Description

  7. Power of Two Marriage Skills Workshop: Visual Aids, Marketing Ideas and Teaching Manual. Heitler, Susan , Hirsch, Abigail 272 page s . 1999. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    This curriculum for refugees and immigrants is based on the book "The Power of Two: Secrets to a Strong and Loving Marriage" by Dr. Susan Heitler and focuses on communication and conflict resolution. The 9 units include: 1) Coming to America as a Couple/Family 2) Basics of Talking Effectively 3) Safe Talking 4) Listening Skills 5) Expressing Anger 6) Controlling Anger 7) Receiving Anger 8) Fix-It Talk 9) Shared Decision Making.

  8. Refugee Marriage Education Program (RMEP): Adapted from the Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program (PREP). PREP Inc. & Catholic Social Service of Arizona 21 page s . 2006. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/rmep.pdf

    Presents an educational program, using video presentations, to help refugees improve communication, constructively resolve differences, and strengthen the marriage relationship. The definition of relationships and marriage is explained as a shared journey based on compatible values and teamwork. Marital distress stems from static factors (personality traits, religious differences, youth, or economic status) which are difficult to change and dynamic factors (improved communication skills, conflict management strategies, physical aggression, and motivation) which are easier to improve. Patterns of dangerous behavior patterns are explored as well as key factors for success such as a joint spiritual life, shared cultural traditions, and a support network. Examples of positive and negative communication patterns are presented, and effective strategies illustrate how to develop realistic expectations and respectful methods of raising concerns.

  9. Relationship Enhancement For Refugees and Immigrants: Illustrated Participant Manual. Guerney, B.G. , Ortwein, M. , Amin, G. 28 page s . 2008. Arabic Burmese English Farsi Karen Nepali Somali Tigrinya . http://www.skillswork.org/mml-curriculum/mastering-the-mysteries-of-love/re-for-refugees-immigrants/

    An illustrated participant workbook developed by USCRI for refugees and immigrants. The materials are adapted from the Institute for Development of Emotional Life Skills (IDEALS) MML program. The workbook, to be used with the "Relationship Enhancement for Refugees and Immigrants: Leader's Guide" is designed to help refugees and immigrants enhance their communication and problem solving skills in order to improve their marriages, parenting, and family relationships.

  10. Relationship Enhancement for Refugees and Immigrants: Leader's Guide. Miller, Kenneth E. (ed.) , Rasco, Lisa M. (ed.) . 2007. English . http://www.skillswork.org/mml-curriculum/mastering-the-mysteries-of-love/re-for-refugees-immigrants/

    This 16 hour curriculum adapted by the Institute for Development of Emotional Life Skills (IDEALS) and USCRI for refugees and immigrants is comprised of two parts: "Introduction to Relationship Enhancement" and "Family Stress and Conflict Management." the materials are designed to help refugees and immigrants enhance their communication and problem solving skills in order to improve their marriages, parenting, and family relationships.  The Leader's Guide can be ordered from IDEALS

  11. Strengthening Refugee Families and Marriage Program: Implementation and Best Practices Manual. Garriott, Aileen , Haynes, Kimberly 46 page s . 2006. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/usccbsrfm.pdf

    Describes detailed approaches to help develop or improve a Strengthening Refugee Families and Marriage program (SRFM) designed to meet the unique needs of refugees who experienced trauma and the stress of transition to a new culture. The SRFM Initiative began in 2002 at the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to serve low-income families, and the model was adopted by the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) in 2003 and used to develop 11 sites managed in partnership by the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops Office of Migration and Refugee Services, the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, and the Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Services. Chapter one outlines three curricula - family wellness, the Power of Two (a marriage strengthening program), and Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program (PREP) - as well as methods to adapt this structure to a local population. Chapter two discusses challenges that may cause problems in areas such as: recruitment and retention, collaboration, funding, language, evaluation, hiring staff, space constraints, administrative support, scheduling, cultural sensitivity issues, and transportation. Chapter three clarifies staffing issues including educational/language requirements and intangible qualities such as warmth, flexibility, and team-focus. Chapter four discusses promising practices based on the best ideas gleaned from current programs to assist with customizing a SRFM program to fit local circumstances.

  12. Survivor! for Families. The New American Family Center & Family Wellness Associates 53 page s . 2006. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/familywellness.pdf

    This collection of handouts and activities is an adaptation of "Family Wellness: Survival Skills for Healthy Families" by Family Wellness Associates. The New American Family Center in Grand Rapids, Michigan created these materials when they were part of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishop's Strengthening Refugee Families and Marriages program from 2003-2006. The handouts emphasize speaking, listening, working together, parenting, cultural adjustment, and managing stress.

  13. The Hispanic Healthy Marriage Initiative (HHMI) (website). U.S. Department of Heath and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families page s . 2007. English . http://www.healthymarriageinfo.org/resource-detail/index.aspx?rid=2521

    Addresses the unique cultural, linguistic, demographic, and socio-economic needs to help Hispanic couples attain the knowledge and skills necessary to form sustainable, healthy marriages. This Web site, a tool to support President George W. Bush's Healthy Marriage Initiative of 2001, strengthens two-parent, married families as the ideal environment to raise children. Since the Hispanic community forms the largest minority with the highest birth rates, teen pregnancy rates, out-of-wedlock birth rate, and poverty rates, this program focuses on raising awareness in the Hispanic community of the importance of a healthy marriage. Internet links facilitate access to working papers on marriage education and cultural structure of Hispanic families. Program developers and staff can access Internet links for assistance with program development, and to get tip sheets on program recruitment, marriage education curriculum, sensitivity training for working with recent immigrants, and hints for program leaders to develop plans and implementation.