A Complete Bibliography of Selected References on Arab Americans. Read, Jen’nan Ghazal . 2006. English . http://www.ibrarian.net/navon/paper/Bibliography_of_Selected_References_on_Arab_Ameri.pdf?paperid=996682
This bibliography lists resources on Arab Americans in the United States. These resources cover issues that Arab immigrants to America may encounter during integration into this new society.
This article outlines the issues that Arab American students may encounter while entering the American school system. The article then details how schools can create a welcoming climate, include Arab culture in the classroom, elimate prejudice and discrimination, and develop staff in such a way that Arab American students will thrive and succeed in their new schools.
Between Two Worlds: Arab American Teens After 9/11. Arab-American Voices. Michigan Radio , University of Michigan Arts of Citizenship Program , ACCESS . English . http://www.umich.edu/~bhlumrec/programs_centers/artsofcitizenshipprogram/www.artsofcitizenship.umich.edu/listen/voices.html
This Web site features four interviews with Arab American youth, who discuss life in the United States after 9/11. The first recording is of Ghufran, an Iraqi.
Children of War: Voices of Iraqi Refugees . Ellis, Deborah 128 page s . 2009. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.
This book tells the stories of more than 20 Iraqi youth, mostly refugees living in Jordan, but also a few that have been resettled in North America. The interviews cover the refugees' experiences, including school bombings, violence against their families, arrests, and displacement.
Creating a Refuge From Bullying. ECDC/African Community Center of Denver's Youth Outreach Anti-Bullying Project page s . 2006. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.
This video explores the refugee condition as a product of bullying on a
global scale. Refugee
children have experienced persecution in all its forms-causing them to
lose their heritage, culture, and sense of security. When they enter
the American school system, they are often bullied or excluded based on
their lack of English or cultural differences. Creating a Refuge from Bullying features Amjaad and Il Gude, an
Iraqi boy and Somali Bantu girl, who describe their experiences with
American peers as they try to assimilate into the American school system
and culture. The film also
helps identify and address bullying on a more general level as a problem that every student can help solve, whether they are victims, bystanders, or bullies themselves.
In February 2008, BRYCS staff spoke with Dina about her life and experiences as an Iraqi parent now living in the United States. Dina has two children; her husband was killed before the family was resettled in the US.
In December 2007, BRYCS staff spoke with Farah about her life and experiences as an Iraqi parent now living in the United States. Farah has three sons.
This Web site offers the most up-to-date news on issues and events taking place within Iraq.
Immediate Needs for Iraqi Children in Iraq and Neighboring Countries. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) 9 page s . May 2007. English . http://www.unicef.org/french/media/files/Final_immediate_needs_Iraq_%2817May07%29.pdf
This brief report outlines the needs of Iraqi children displaced within Iraq and surrounding countries like Jordan and Syria. Within war-torn Iraq, UNICEF points to education as a critical issue, because the violence makes regular school attendance difficult for many children. Poor medical care is also a serious problem outlined by UNICEF. The report especially calls attention to female-headed Iraqi families, who may struggle even more to attain adequate schooling and medical care.
Iraq's Displacement Crisis: The Search for Solutions. Couldrey, Marion (ed.),Morris, Tim (ed.) 52 page s . June 2007. English Arabic . http://www.fmreview.org/FMRpdfs/Iraq/full.pdf
This edition of the Forced Migration Review contains a number of articles that shed light upon the conflict in Iraq. It discusses the refugee resettlement of displaced Iraqi persons, who now live in Lebanon, Syria and other placed throughout the world. It contains articles on sexual violence and sexual abuse during this conflict, an article describing the price paid by Iraqi children, and another piece on the education crisis for Iraqi children. This article is also available in Arabic.
Iraqi American National Network (Web site). . April 2004. English . http://www.iraqfoundation.org/projects_new/iann/index.html
This project officially ended in 2006, but the Web site is still active and includes a list of Iraqi organizations around the country.
Iraqi and American Reconciliation Project (Web site). Iraqi and American Reconciliation Project page s . 2010. English . http://reconciliationproject.org/
"The mission of the Iraqi and American Reconciliation Project (IARP) is to promote reconciliation between the people of the United States and Iraq in response to the devastation affecting Iraqi families, society, and culture." -Description from source
The Web site invites children and youth to participate in art-inspired projects and promotes understanding and goodwill between children and institutions in the U.S., Iraq, and Jordan. Their projects include a mural exchange between Tampa, Florida and Amman, a greeting card exchange between Jordan and Bellevue, Washington, and more.
Iraqi Exodus. Thirteen (WNET/PBS) . 2008. English . http://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/episodes/iraqi-exodus/video-full-episode/2827/
This PBS film documents the Iraqi refugee resettlement to the United States. The film follows one man in particular, Maan Kaka, who is an Iraqi Christian and recently resettled from a refugee camp in Jordan to a suburban neighborhood in Portland, Oregon. The video recounts the violence towards Iraqi Christians in the Middle East and the effects of combat on Kaka's war-torn family. The film may help service providers working with Iraqi refugee youth learn more about their client's cultural background and the particular struggles Iraqi refugees may encounter during integration into the United States.
Iraqi Girl: Diary of a Teenage Girl in Iraq. Wrigley-Field, Elizabeth , Ross, John 205 page s . 2009. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.
This collection of blog entries is written by fifteen year old Hadiya as she carries on her day to day life in Iraq during the war. The book documents the horrors of living in a war-torn country as well as everyday teenage things like the stress of exams, family, friendship, and community.
Iraqi Immigrants in the United States. Terrazas, Aaron . March 2009. English . http://www.migrationinformation.org/USfocus/display.cfm?id=721
This article focuses on Iraqi immigrants residing in the United States and examines the population's size, geographic distribution, socioeconomic characteristics, and admission categories. It states that refugees and asylees accounted for 38 percent of Iraqi-born lawful permanent residents admitted in 2007 and that the number of Iraqi refugees resettled in the United States declined between 2000 and 2007 but increased dramatically in 2008.
Iraqi Refugees in the United States: In Dire Straits. International Rescue Committee (IRC) 36 page s . June 2009. English . http://www.theirc.org/special-reports/iraqi-refugees
This report focuses on the adjustment of Iraqi refugees in two American cities, Phoenix and Atlanta. BRYCS’ audiences may be particularly interested in the section on Iraqi widows, many of whom are arriving alone with young children. As single parents with often little previous work experience, it is especially difficult for these young widows to acquire secure jobs in the U.S., which affects the well-being of their entire families.
This is a compilation of 14 different filmed interviews with Iraqi refugees, who each share their own story of violence, persecution and flight from their war-torn home. Several of these stories are provided by Iraqi youth.
This agency strives to help Kurdish, Iraqi and Iranian refugees attain self-sufficiency in their new country. Among the services offered, Kurdish Human Rights Watch (KHRW) provides youth services, mentoring, ESL classes, and social services. KHRW has U.S. locations in Virginia, Texas, Michigan, Oregan, Tennessee, California, and Washington state.
This clinical directory lists social workers, psychiatrists, psychologists, counselors, and imams in the United States and in Canada.
Muslim Voices in School. Sensoy, Ozlem , Stonebanks, Christopher Darius (ed.) 232 page s . 2009. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.
This book is a collection of readable, multi-faceted accounts of living Islam in relation to mainstream schooling in the West.
Observations and Recommendations on the Resettlement Expectations of Iraqi Refugees in Lebanon, Jordan and Syria. Riller, Frauke 38 page s . May 2009. English . http://www.refworld.org/docid/4cb8083b2.html
This report was written in response to reports from resettlement agencies on a rising number of Iraqi refugees who are unhappy with their lives in resettlement countries. Interviews and focus groups were conducted to discuss Iraqis’ expectations of resettlement, which revealed that sixty-seven percent of adults feel that their main reason for resettling is to ensure their children’s future.
Refugee Crisis in America: Iraqis and their Resettlement Experience. Human Rights Action , Human Rights Institute , Georgetown University Law 61 page s . 2009. English . http://scholarship.law.georgetown.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1001&context=hri_papers
This study looks at the experiences of Iraqis after they arrive in the U.S. Though resettlement remains an important solution for many Iraqi refugees, this report finds that the services provided by the U.S. Resettlement Program are seriously lacking. This report includes a number of case examples (Appendix III), based off of interviews with Iraqi refugees, that may be useful to service providers preparing to serve such families.
Highlight: Refugees from Iraq. Cultural Orientation Resource Center (COR) at the Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL) 4 page s . January 2008. English . http://www.culturalorientation.net/providing-orientation/overseas/programs/rsc-mena/highlight-refugees-from-iraq
This profile of both the International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC) Turkey, and the International Organization for Migration's (IOM) Middle East program, includes sections on caseload, cultural orientation (CO) classes, general environment for CO attendees, and considerations for domestic resettlement agencies. (Description from source)
Refugees from Iraq: Their History, Cultures, and Background Experiences. Dealey, Sam 44 page s . October 2008. English . http://www.culturalorientation.net/learning/populations/iraq
This publication provides in-depth information about refugee groups from Iraq, describing the various ethnic and religious communities of Iraqi Arabs (both Sunni and Shi'a), Iraqi Christians, and others. Topics include history, conditions in countries of asylum, characteristics of the refugee population, cultural features of each of the different communities, religion, language, education, and resettlement considerations.
Suzan, an Iraqi Mother. Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services (BRYCS) 6 page s . January 2008. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/IraqiMother2_Interview.pdf
In January 2008, BRYCS staff spoke with Suzan about her life and experiences as an Iraqi parent now living in the United States. Suzan has 7 children; her husband died while they sought refuge in Lebanon.
The Iraqi Kurds: Their History and Culture. Robson, Barbara 35 page s . 1996. English . http://www.culturalorientation.net/content/download/2109/12162/version/1/file/Iraqi+Kurds+Culture+Profile.pdf
Provides a detailed introduction to the history and culture of Iraqi Kurds for community service providers and others assisting refugees in the United States. The Kurds have inhabited the Middle East from antiquity, primarily living in parts of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Armenia. Subsequent waves of Iraqi Kurds have been admitted to the U.S. starting in the mid-1970s and continuing through Saddam Hussein's campaigns of repression. Chapters describe (1) the geography and climate of the land occupied by Iraqi Kurds and its proximity to Iraqi oil fields; (2) the physical characteristics and traditional dress of Iraqi Kurds; (3) social structures, including the importance of family and local autonomy; (4) occupations and skills, including horsemanship and military service; (5) religion; (6) education and language; (7) history, including the accomplishments of the Kurd leader Saladin, the cultivation of literature and arts under the Ottoman Empire, and disenfranchisement and persecution in modern-day Iraq; (8) cultural differences that emerge in resettlement, including the Kurds' formality in contrast to American informality, ongoing rivalry between the two major Kurdish factions, attitudes toward authority, and restricted freedoms allowed Kurdish women; and (9) ways in which to make immigrant Kurds comfortable in American society.
The Iraqis: Their History and Culture. Robson, Barbara page s . 1995. English . http://www.culturalorientation.net/learning/populations/iraq
Provides an introduction to the people, history, and culture of Iraq for community service providers assisting refugees in the United States. This report covers: (1) the geography of Iraq and the importance of its oil resources; (2) the origins of its people, including the Iraqi Arabs, Ma'dan, Kurds, and Assyrians; (3) social structures and relationships, including racial enmities between Arabs and Kurds and tensions between Sunnites and Shi'ites; (4) Iraq's rich history, spanning life in the Fertile Crescent, Islamic and then Ottoman rule, the British Protectorate, independence, World War II and the Cold War, the rise of the Ba'ath Party, the Iran-Iraq War, and the invasion of Kuwait and its aftermath, including Kurdish and Sh'ite rebellions; (5) religion as a powerful social force; (6) everyday life, including the role of the extended family, characteristics of the household, acceptance of polygamy, treatment of women, personal and family honor, love and marriage, and public and private behavior; (7) cultural differences, including attitudes about alcohol, food, cross-gender relations, hospitality, religious observance, and dress; (8) pronunciation, word and sentence structure, and phrases of Iraqi Arabic, a dialect of the Arabic language; and (9) the difficulties Iraqis encounter in learning English.
The Relationship Between Psychological Wellbeing and Adjustment of Both Parents and Children of Exiled and Traumatized Iraqi Refugees. Hosin, A.A.,Moore, S.,Gaitanou, C. 123-136 page s . 2006. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.
This article examines how Iraqi refugee parents and children acclimate to their new communities after enduring traumatic experiences in their country of origin.
The Unity Circle Project: Experiences of Iraqi Children and Parents Living in Amman, Jordan. Nelems, Martha 43 page s . October 2008. English Arabic . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/UnityCircle.pdf
This report describes the work of the International Institute for Child Rights and Development, Save the Children, and Relief International. Using a participatory approach, these agencies worked with 96 Iraqi children and their families to identify the challenges they have faced and the strategies they have developed to cope with the war in Iraq and their present circumstances in Jordan. This report may be useful to those working with Iraqi refugee families who recently came from Jordan.
Toma, An Iraqi Father. Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services (BRYCS) 7 page s . March 2008. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/IraqiFather4_Interview.pdf
In March 2008, BRYCS Staff spoke with Toma, a Chaldean Iraqi father who came to the U.S. with his family and was granted asylum. He has two sons and one daughter.
Trapped! Unlocking the Future of Iraqi Refugee Children. World Vision 8 page s . April 2007. English . http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/trapped-unlocking-future-iraqi-refugee-children
This report gives an overview of what Iraqi children have been facing. Years of daily violence continues to wreak damage to their physical and mental health. Without legal status, psychological rehabilitation, proper education and medical assistance, this generation is trapped with little hope for the future unless assistance is provided by the international community. For service providers and teachers who may soon receive Iraqi refugee children as clients and students, this report provides a brief overview of what they may have experienced.