Anti-Trafficking Resources

Highlighted Resources: Anti-Trafficking

The resources on the following Highlighted Resource List have been hand chosen by BRYCS staff to assist service providers in working with victims of trafficking. It includes the following topical areas:

Child Trafficking Background and General Information (Back to Top)

  1. #invisibles: Child Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings in France. Together Against Trafficking in Human Beings Collective 70 page s . 2016. English .

    This documentary booklet offers an educational approach to discover the reality of the trafficking of minors and aims to allow everyone to recognize a child victim of trafficking. Comics show the three stories of the film, while "true stories" tell the reality of stolen lives of children in France. A short documentary on which the booklet is based is also available.

  2. Sex Trafficking: Identifying Cases and Victims. Moossy, Robert J.D. 10 page s . March 2009. English .

     This article discusses how law enforcement identify potential victims and investigate the case, keeping in mind the delicate nature of working with trafficking victims.

  3. Smuggled and Trafficked Unaccompanied Minors: Towards a Coherent, Protection-Based Approach in International Law. Lelliott, Joseph 32 page s . June 1, 2017. English .

    This article discusses the protection of smuggled and trafficked unaccompanied minors under the United Nations Protocols against the Smuggling of Migrants and Trafficking in Persons and argues that a coherent, protection-based approach, founded on international human rights and refugee law, is necessary.

  4. Trafficking in Persons Policy Paper. Catholic Relief Services (CRS) 20 page s . 2016. English .

    This paper provides background information on human trafficking, discusses the U.S. government, Catholic Church and CRS response, and provides recommendations to the U.S. government for its work in eradicating human trafficking globally.(Description from source.)


  5. Trafficking in Persons Report 2017. U.S. Department of State 454 page s . June 2017. English .

    This report from the U.S. Department of State is the product of a yearlong effort requiring contributions and follow-up from employees in the U.S. and at diplomatic outposts across the globe, host country governments, and civil society. The report looks at conditions of slavery of children, women, and men around the world.

  6. Training Manual to Fight Trafficking in Children for Labour, Sexual and Other Forms of Exploitation. UNICEF 52 page s . 2009. English .

    This text book provides the basics for taking action against child trafficking at policy and outreach levels. It details actions that can be taken to prevent trafficking, protect children from being trafficked, pursue traffickers and support trafficked children to rebuild their lives.

Labor Trafficking and Exploitation (Back to Top)

  1. Fact Sheet: Labor Trafficking. Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) 2 page s . 2008. Chinese English Polish Russian Spanish .

    This fact sheet defines labor trafficking, examines the different forms of labor trafficking, how to identify victims, the health impacts, and the types of assistance available to victims. 

  2. ILO World Day Against Child Labor- June 12. International Labour Organization (ILO) page s . 2014. English .

    Each year on June 12th, ILO focuses on a different aspect of child labor and draws attention to the plight of these children. Their website gives information on each year's theme, calls to action, and resources that accompany it.

  3. The Department of Labor's Annual Report: Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor. U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of International Labor Affairs 1025 page s . 2014. English .

    This report focuses on the efforts of certain U.S. trade beneficiary countries and territories to eliminate the worst forms of child labor through legislation, enforcement mechanisms, policies and social programs. The report presents: findings on the prevalence and sectoral distribution of the worst forms of child labor in each country; Country-specific suggestions for government action (since 2009); and individual country assessments that identify where Significant, Moderate, Minimal, or No Advancement has been made (since 2011).

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) (Back to Top)

  1. Child Victims of Human Trafficking: Outcomes and Service Adaptation within the U.S. Unaccompanied Refugee Minor Programs. Chester, Hilary , Lummert, Nathalie , Mullooly, Anne 42 page s . July 2015. English .

    This report shares the results of an outcome study of all child victims of human trafficking placed into USCCB/MRS' URM programs between October 2004 and September 2011. All 12 URM programs were interviewed on how they have adapted their service model to meet the special needs of this population.

    A supplemental webinar provides an overview of children and youth served, methodology, and discusses key findings on keeping victims safe in community-based care, child well-being, foster family selection and placement, and foster parent training and retention.

  2. Fact Sheet: Sex Trafficking. Administration for Children and Families (ACF), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) 2 page s . Chinese English Polish Russian Spanish .

    This fact sheet defines sex trafficking, examines the different forms of sex trafficking, who victims are and what they go through, and the types of assistance available to victims.

  3. FAQ: Protecting Unaccompanied Children from Trafficking or Other Harm. Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service (LIRS) 5 page s . October 2015. English .

    This fact sheet explains the family reunification process for unaccompanied children, the Office of Refugee Resettlement's protection mechanisms for them, and offers an analysis of ORR shifts in policy from 2014 to 2015.

  4. The Life Story: Moments of Change. NoVo Foundation , Brew Advisors , Vermilion Films page s . 2018. English .

    This video project shines a light on the experiences of human trafficking survivors in the United States, elevates their voices and highlights opportunity for change at different moments throughout a lifetime. A video focused on the experiences of immigrant women and girls who have survived sexual exploitation and abuse is also included.

Resources and Services for Victims (Back to Top)

  1. An Inventory and Evaluation of the Current Shelter and Services Response to Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking. ECPAT-USA , Shared Hope International , The Protection Project at Johns Hopkins University 244 page s . May 2013. English .

    ECPAT-USA and Shared Hope International's 2012 Final Report intends to provide a snap shot of the current status of shelter and services delivery to support and guide the direction forward, properly protecting and serving America's trafficked youth.

  2. Closing the Gaps: The Need to Improve Identification and Services to Child Victims of Trafficking. Godziak, Elzbieta , MacDonnell, Margaret 171-184 page s . 2007. English .

    This paper uses a case study approach to examine the inadequacies and service gaps in the system established in the United States to care for child victims of trafficking. The case study is discussed within a broader context of the evolution of the system of care available to child victims of trafficking, including the transfer of care of undocumented children in federal custody from the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) to the Office of Refugee Resettlement. (Description from source)

  3. Fact Sheet: Child Victims of Human Trafficking. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Administration for Children and Families (ACF) 2 page s . 2009. English .

    This fact sheet discusses what the human trafficking of children looks like in the United States, the definition of human trafficking under U.S. federal law, how to report human trafficking, how to obtain assistance for a foreign child victim, who provides care for unaccompanied or separated children victims, and finally, what assistance is available for child victims.

  4. Human Trafficking 101 for School Administrators and Staff. U.S. Department of Education , Blue Campaign , U.S. Department of Homeland Security 2 page s . August 5, 2014. English .

    This resource from the U.S. Department of Education and the Blue Campaign gives basic information on human trafficking and how school staff can identify victims. It also gives tips about what to do if you suspect a student is being trafficking.

  5. Human Trafficking Awareness for Educators. National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) page s . December 2015. English .

    This webinar discusses how human trafficking affects schools and students in the United States. It aims to equip education professionals with trafficking indicators and provide recommendations for how to respond to trafficking cases. It also covers risk factors that make students susceptible to exploitation, and identifies promising practices for prevention.

  6. Not My Life: Human Trafficking Resources and Curriculum for Educators. Bilheimer, Robert page s . 2013. English .

    This documentary on modern-day slavery that can be used to raise awareness about human trafficking in classrooms, on campus, and at special screening events. Not My Life resources and materials for educators and students include a DVD and educational curriculum. To preview, visit; password: nml. 

  7. Promising Practices: An Overview of Trauma-Informed Therapeutic Support for Survivors of Human Trafficking. Polaris Project , The Sanar Wellness Institute 16 page s . November 2015. English .

    This report from Polaris and the Sanar Wellness Institute, provides an overview of promising therapeutic support that can be used to enhance individual and group intervention for survivors of all forms of human trafficking.

  8. Sex Trafficking of Minors: What Schools Need to Know to Recognize and Respond to the Trafficking of Students. National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) 9 page s . 2014. English .

    This brief outlines warning signs or "red flags" of possible victimization and increases educators understanding of commercial sexual exploitation. 

  9. The SOAR to Health and Wellness Training. Office of Trafficking in Persons page s . 2016. English .

     This program from HHS/Administration for Children and Families, was designed to help providers Stop, Observe, Ask, and Respond to human trafficking. The SOAR curriculum is grounded in the public health approach that 1) places human trafficking along a spectrum of inter-related violence 2) understands the ripple effects of trauma and 3) encourages cultural-specific intervention efforts.

  10. The United States Unaccompanied Refugee Minor Program: Guiding Principles and Promising Practices. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops/Migration and Refugee Services (USCCB/MRS) 90 page s . 2013. English .

    This resource shares practice strategies, stories and tips from across the national program network. It also includes a chapter on program practice implications for victims of human trafficking. The e-book is available for free download however, tax-deductible donations are welcome! 

Resources for Law Enforcement, Prosecutors, and Lawyers (Back to Top)

  1. Faces of Human Trafficking Video Series. U.S. Department of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime page s . January 2016. English .

    This series is intended to be used for outreach and education efforts of service providers, law enforcement, prosecutors, and others in the community. The series includes information about sex and labor trafficking, multidisciplinary approaches to serving victims of human trafficking, effective victim services, victims' legal needs, and voices of survivors. (Description from source.)

  2. Human Trafficking Task Force e-Guide: Strengthening Collaborative Responses. Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) , The Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) page s . 2014. English .

    This e-learning tool offers human trafficking task forces and allied professionals practical information on the creation and day-to-day operations of task forces, as well as essential knowledge they need to effectively identify and assist victims and to investigate and prosecute human trafficking cases. 

  3. Resource Book for Law Enforcement Officers on Good Practices in Combating Child Trafficking. International Organization for Migration (IOM) 174 page s . 2006. English .

    This resource book provides good practices, innovative techniques and recommendations recognized by an international team of experts. It discusses the legal background of combating child trafficking; and discusses good practices on age assessment and identification of the child; investigative methods; interviewing techniques; and cooperation between law enforcement authorities and NGOs/social service providers. The book is from a project entitled "Comprehensive Training for Law Enforcement Authorities Responsible for Trafficking in Children/Minors" implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Vienna.

  4. SART Toolkit: Resources for Sexual Assault Response Teams. National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC) page s . 2017. English .

    A collection of resources from the National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC) that service providers may use to formalize, expand on, or evaluate their interagency responses. This toolkit can help organizations customize their outreach to victims and provide culturally specific services.

  5. When Federal and State Systems Converge: Foreign National Human Trafficking Victims Within Juvenile and Family Courts. Carr, Bridgette A. 77 page s . Winter 2012. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    This article highlights the concerns facing foreign national children who are both victims of human trafficking and under the jurisdiction of juvenile and family courts. It also explains the federal benefits available to these children and identifies the best practice approaches for juvenile and family court systems to increase identification of and support for foreign national child trafficking victims. 

Resources for the Child Welfare System (Back to Top)

  1. Building Child Welfare Response to Child Trafficking. Center for the Human Rights for Children, Loyola University Chicago , International Organization for Adolescents (IOFA) 117 page s . 2011. English .

    This resource explains the gaps within the child welfare system in accurately identifying and treating child victims of trafficking and explains the system in place for serving these children.

  2. Emerging Practices Within Child Welfare Responses. United States Department of Health and Human Services 2 page s . May 2013. English .

    Professionals in the child welfare system are in a position to lead efforts in strengthening the identification, prevention, and early intervention in child trafficking cases.  This briefing provides a non-exhaustive list of examples of efforts already underway in the United States, spotlighting simple and low or no cost solutions that child welfare agencies have put into practices. 

  3. Human Trafficking and Child Welfare: A Guide for Caseworkers. Child Welfare Information Gateway 13 page s . July 2017. English .

    This resource provides strategies caseworkers can use to identify and support victims and potential victims, and tools and resources that can assist caseworkers.

  4. Human Trafficking and Child Welfare: A Guide for Child Welfare Agencies. Child Welfare Information Gateway 20 page s . July 2017. English .

    This resource explores how child welfare agencies can support children who are victims of human trafficking, as well as children who are at greater risk for future victimization. It provides background information about the issue, including its scope and relevant Federal legislation and initiatives, and strategies that agencies can implement to address the trafficking of children. State and local policy and program examples also are provided.

  5. Human Trafficking Prevention Education: Guidance for Implementation of Youth Programs. University of Dayton, Human Rights Center , Ohio Attorney General Human Trafficking Commission 37 page s . August 2016. English .

    This resource is intended to be used by educators and community members who seek to educate youth about human trafficking. The guide covers recommended procedures, basic educational standards, tools, resources, training materials, and a list of recommended curricula and outreach programs.

  6. Supporting the Social Integration of Trafficked Young People. Cody, Claire 1 page . August 2012. English .

     Many leading organizations working with trafficked young people bring survivors together to meet, share their own stories and access support and advice. Young people need to be shown that their future is not dictated by their past. (Description from source)