Report on Physical Punishment in the United States: What Research Tells Us About Its Effects on Children
Gershoff, Elizabeth T.
Columbus, OH: Center for Effective Discipline
2008, 57 pages
This report provides data on the effects of physical punishment on children. Among other findings, the report concludes that physical punishment rarely improves children’s long-term behavior and instead makes children more defiant and aggressive in years to come. See page 19 for a section on “cultural perspectives” and page 29 for a chart on what is considered allowable physical punishment by state.