Highlighted Resources on Immigration Raids

With the recent Immigration Enforcement Actions (raids) that have taken place across the nation, the following Highlighted Resource List has been hand chosen by BRYCS staff to assist service providers in working with migrant families. It includes the following topical areas:

Know Your Rights (Back to Top)

  1. Know Your Rights. National Immigration Law Center 3 page s . November 2016. English . https://www.nilc.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Rights-No-Matter-Who-Is-Pres-2016-11-10.pdf

    This factsheet offers helpful tips on what to do to prepare for a raid and gives information on everyone's basic rights, including undocumented immigrants. It also gives recommendations as to how you can assert these rights.

  2. Know Your Rights as a Refugee in the USA. Church World Service , Refugee Center Online (RCO) 4 page s . February 15, 2017. English . https://www.informedimmigrant.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/KYR-for-Refugees-3.pdf

    This resource is meant to provide refugee and immigrant communities with urgently needed information to know your rights in response to the important issues facing our communities. (Description from source)

  3. Know Your Rights at Home and at Work. National Immigration Law Center 3 page s . May 2008. English Spanish . http://www.nilc.org/imm_enfrcmt_homework_rts_2008-05.html http://www.nilc.org/imm_enfrcmt_homework_rts_sp_2008-05.html

    This factsheet gives information on when immigration can come into your home or work. It also gives tips on what to do if they do come into your house.

  4. Know Your Rights Flyers. Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC) 8 page s . October 2006. English Spanish . http://www.ilrc.org/files/kyr_english.pdf http://www.ilrc.org/files/documents/kyr_spanish.pdf

    These flyers provide an overview of the rights an immigrant (whether here legally or not) or even a citizen if confronted by an immigration official.

  5. Know Your Rights: Learn How to Protect You and Your Family During Immigration Raids. CASA of Maryland , Detention Watch Network , National Immigration Project 8 page s . February 2008. English Spanish . https://nationalimmigrationproject.org/PDFs/community/know-your-rights-eng-casa-maryland.pdf https://nationalimmigrationproject.org/PDFs/community/know-your-rights-eng-casa-maryland.pdf

    This guide provides information on what your rights are during an immigration raid and what you should do if you are arrested.

  6. Know Your Rights: Parents and Schools. Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC) 2 page s . March 2007. English Spanish . http://www.ilrc.org/files/kyr_parents.pdf http://www.ilrc.org/files/documents/kyr_padres.pdf

    This factsheet provides information about ICE as it relates to arrest of parents near or outside schools. It explains how to be prepared in the event of an arrest, including making arrangements for a child in school, and what your rights are if you are questioned by ICE.

  7. Know Your Rights: Prepare for Encounters with Immigration Enforcement Video. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Justice for Immigrants Campaign page s . February 21, 2017. English Spanish . http://justiceforimmigrants.org/news/resources/

    This video provides information for immigrants and refugees about their rights and how to prepare for possible encounters with Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officers.

  8. Know Your Rights Red Card. Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC) 1 page . June 2011. English . http://www.ilrc.org/red_cards

    The Red Cards helps both citizens and noncitizens defend themselves against constitutional violations during ICE raids by including information about how to assert their constitution rights and an explanation for ICE agents that the individuals are indeed asserting their constitutional rights. 

  9. Know Your Rights: What To Do If You're Stopped by Police, Immigration Agents, or the FBI. American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) page s . English . https://www.aclu.org/know-your-rights/what-do-if-youre-stopped-police-immigration-agents-or-fbi

    This packet provides tips for interacting with police and understanding your rights.

  10. Know Your Rights When Encountering Law Enforcement. American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) 24 page s . April 2014. English . https://www.aclu.org/know-your-rights/what-do-when-encountering-law-enforcement-additional-information-non-citizens

    This booklet describes a person's rights when stopped, questioned, arrested, or searched in the U.S. It contains extra information regarding noncitizens' rights and about peoples' rights at airports and other points of entry into the U.S.  

  11. Know Your Rights with ICE. Immigrant Defense Project 2 page s . January 2016. English Spanish . http://immigrantdefenseproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/IDP-ICE-Raids-Flyer-FINAL-Jan-4-2016.pdf http://immigrantdefenseproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/IDP-Redadas-Folleto-2-paginas-FINAL-4-enero-2016.pdf

    This 2 page fact sheet provides information on undocumented immigrants rights when dealing with ICE and what they can and can't do.

  12. Immigration Workshop: Know Your Rights. Immigrant Defense Project , Families for Freedom page s . 2011. English Spanish . http://immigrantdefenseproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Rikers-Powerpoint-ENG-97-2003-version-Revised-20100319.pdf http://immigrantdefenseproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Rikers-Powerpoint-SPA-97-2003-Version-Revised-20091116.pdf

    This presentation and workshop is designed to help orient immigrants in the criminal justice system to what they face and to provide practical tips and strategies to fight deportation.

  13. Raids  Enforcement Actions: Preparation & Protection: Nine Ways to Protect Yourself. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Justice for Immigrants Campaign 2 page s . February 2, 2017. English Spanish . http://justiceforimmigrants.org/news/resources/

    This resource provides guidance on how to prepare for the possibility of interactions with Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officers.

  14. Know Your Rights Information on ICE Raids for Parents/Community/Attorneys. Kids in Need of Defense (KIND) page s . JUNE 29, 2017. English . https://supportkind.org/resources/know-rights-information-ice-raids-parentscommunityattorneys/

    A collection of Know Your Rights resources to help prepare parents, community members, and attorneys on ICE raids on the sponsors of unaccompanied children

  15. Know Your Rights. Manavi page s . 2017. English . http://www.manavi.org/know-your-rights.html

    These know your rights resources provide information on immigrant right's when approached by immigration officers at their homes, workplace and in public spaces.

Additional Resources for Migrants (Back to Top)

  1. DANGER! Police Involvement in Mass Deportation. Immigrant Defense Project , Sex Workers Project , Sylvia Rivera Law Project . English . http://immigrantdefenseproject.org/danger

    This graphic novel is a "choose your own adventure" format and a know-your-rights guide for immigrant communities on how to protect one's rights and fight deportation. It also includes a short history of the politics of immigration and a guide to resources.

  2. Don't Get ICEd. Center for Urban Pedagogy (CUP) , Immigrant Defense Project page s . December 2014. English Spanish . http://dontgeticed.org/

    An interactive website that provides information for protecting immigrants after an arrest.

  3. Guide for Detained and Removed Parents with Child Custody Concerns. Women's Refugee Commission (WRC) 2 page s . 2015. English Spanish . https://womensrefugeecommission.org/resources/document/951-guide-for-detained-and-removed-parents-with-child-custody-concerns

    This guide provides parents with steps they can take to protect their parental rights; information on family court proceedings, parent-child visitation, and coordinating care of children; as well as helpful ICE resources for detainees.

  4. Immigration Arrests in the Community: What You Need to Know to Protect Your Rights. Immigrant Defense Project 11 page s . January 2016. English Spanish . http://immigrantdefenseproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/IDP-ICE-Raids-Booklet-ENG-FINAL-Jan-4-2016.pdf http://immigrantdefenseproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/IDP-Redadas-Folleto-11-paginas-FINAL-4-enero-2016.pdf

    This informational booklet provides details on current ICE trends, what are your rights, and what to do if ICE comes to your home.

  5. Immigration Detention and Removal: A Guide for Detainees and Their Families. Lonegan, Bryan , Immigration Law Unit of the Legal Aid Society 31 page s . February 2006. English . http://www.nilc.org/document.html?id=211

    This is a guide for those who have been detained by immigration authorities and placed in removal proceedings primarily because of criminal convictions, and their families. It is meant for information purposes only and doesn't qualify as legal advice.

  6. Immigration Raids Alert: Prepare for Raids and Protect Yourself. National Immigration Law Center 1 page . January 2016. English Spanish . http://www.nilc.org/raidsalert2016.html

    This information sheet lists resources that will help people prepare for and respond to immigration raids. This alert also describes special protections for detained Salvadorans.

  7. Warning! Protect Yourself from Immigration Raids. Detention Watch Network , CASA of Maryland , National Immigration Project 8 page s . March 2007. English . http://www.detentionwatchnetwork.org/sites/detentionwatchnetwork.org/files/KYR%20in%20Community_0.pdf

    This instructional packet gives immigrants tips on what to do in case there is an immigration raid and what steps to take if they are arrested or charged.

  8. What If I'm Picked Up By I.C.E in Arizona? Making A Family Plan: Preparing For the Possibility of Being Detained, Deported, and Separated From Your Children. The Florence Immigrant and Refugee Rights Project 21 page s . 2014. English Spanish . https://firrp.org/resources/prose/parentalrights/

    This manual is meant to teach immigrants (regardless of their status) about immigration and child welfare systems and help them plan so they do not lose rights over their children if apprehended by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). Although this manual is for the state of Arizona, it can provide a model for other states. It also includes resources and document samples.

  9. What to Do if You Are Arrested or Detained by Immigration. National Immigration Law Center 3 page s . August 2007. Chinese English Korean Spanish . http://www.nilc.org/to_do_if_arrested_2007-08.html http://www.nilc.org/to_do_if_arrested_sp_2007-08.html http://www.nilc.org/document.html?id=581

    This information gives tips to immigrants on what they should do if they are arrested or detained by immigration. Also available in Spanish.

  10. Family Preparedness Plan. Immigrant Legal Resource Center 14 page s . March 1, 2017. Chinese English Spanish . https://www.ilrc.org/family-preparedness-plan

    This packet will help everyone create a Family Preparedness Plan, regardless of immigration status.

Resources for Service Providers (Back to Top)

  1. A Profile of U.S. Children with Unauthorized Immigrant Parents. Capps, Randy , Fix, Michael , Zong, Jie 25 page s . January 2016. English . http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/profile-us-children-unauthorized-immigrant-parents

    This fact sheet uses U.S. Census Bureau data to examine the number, characteristics, and socioeconomic status of the 5.1 million children under age 18, both U.S.-citizen and noncitizen, who are living with an unauthorized immigrant parent. It also explores the prevalence of mixed-status families (those with unauthorized immigrant parents and U.S.-citizen children).

  2. Children with Traumatic Separation: Information for Professionals. The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) 5 page s . 2016. English . http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/children_with_traumatic_separation_professionals.pdf

    This manual provides clinicians with information and suggestions for helping children who experience traumatic separation from a caregiver, including when arising from parental deportation. The manual also addresses other traumatic separations, such as with siblings or close relatives.

  3. Deportation System: Raids to Deportation. Families for Freedom , National Immigration Project , Detention Watch Network 1 page . August 2007. English . http://www.immigrantwomennetwork.org/Resources/Deportation%20system%20chart.pdf

     This flowchart shows the steps taken by ICE in the deportation process.

  4. From Raids to Deportation: Current Immigration Law Enforcement. Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC) 6 page s . March 2007. English Spanish . http://www.ilrc.org/files/raids_info_english.pdf http://www.ilrc.org/files/documents/raids_info_spanish.pdf

    This packet provides information on raids, current immigration law enforcement, and what to do in the event of a raid.

  5. How to Be Prepared For an Immigration Raid. National Immigration Law Center 2 page s . March 2007. English . http://www.nilc.org/immraidsprep_2007-02-27.html

    This factsheet provides information and tips for how service providers can help immigrants be prepared for an immigration raid.

  6. Immigrant and Refugee Children: A Guide for Educators and School Support Staff. American Federation of Teachers 32 page s . June 07, 2016. English . http://www.aft.org/sites/default/files/im_uac-educators-guide_2016.pdf

    This resource from the American Federation of Teachers, is for educators, school support staff and service providers to help mentor and open the doors of opportunity for undocumented youth and unaccompanied and refugee children currently living in the United States. It also discusses the tools and resources available to help protect and prepare youth and families for an Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) raid.

  7. Map of Detention Centers in the U.S.. Detention Watch Network page s . English . http://www.detentionwatchnetwork.org/dwnmap

    The map shows the location of: detention centers; community organizations; ICE offices and immigration courts; and visitation programs.

  8. Pre-Raid Community Safety Plan. Detention Watch Network , Families for Freedom , National Immigration Project 3 page s . March 2007. English . https://nationalimmigrationproject.org/PDFs/community/pre-raid-safety-plan.pdf

    This guide helps service providers come up with a plan to use in case of an immigration raid and how to prepare for a large raid in the community.

  9. Removal Defense Checklist in Criminal Charge Caes. Vargas, Manuel D. 44 page s . January 2011. English . http://immigrantdefenseproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/FINALAppendix-K_FINAL5thEd2011.pdf

    This checklist offers a listing and brief synopsis of legal arguments and strategies that a lawyer or immigrant may raise in immigration removal proceedings after a criminal conviction or charge.

  10. Stress Related to Immigration Status in Students: A Brief Guide for Schools. Edwards, Lisa M. , Black, Jacki 8 page s . 2017. English . http://www.marquette.edu/education/news/documents/Immigration-RelatedStress-AGuideforSchools.pdf

    This guide is designed to provide an overview of detention, deportation, and other immigration status-related stress and its effect on children and families. The guide also provides suggestions for how school personnel can support families in the context of this unique stressor.

Community Preparedness (Back to Top)

  1. Community Raid Prepardeness Checklist. Fair Immigration Reform Movement 2 page s . April 2007. English . http://www.nilc.org/document.html?id=571

    This checklist shows what activities need to be done by organizations and the community in order to prepare for a raid. The recommendations are based on lessons learned from New Bedford, MA and Marshalltown, IA.

  2. Deportation 101: A Community Resource on Anti-Deportation Education and Organizing. Detention Watch Network , Families for Freedom , Immigrant Defense Project 114 page s . December 2010. English Spanish . http://immigrantdefenseproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Deportation101-1-11HiRes.pdf http://immigrantdefenseproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/Deportation101Spanish1-11HiRes.pdf

    This training tool and curriculum educates and builds the capacity of immigrant and criminal justice service providers, immigrant leaders, and community organizers to respond to their members' and clients' interactions with the criminal justice system.

  3. From Raids to Deportation: A Community Resource Kit. Detention Watch Network , National Immigration Project 17 page s . January 2008. English French Spanish . https://nationalimmigrationproject.org/PDFs/community/com-resource-kit-eng.pdf https://nationalimmigrationproject.org/PDFs/community/community-resource-kit-span.pdf https://nationalimmigrationproject.org/PDFs/community/community-resource-french.pdf

    This packet gives information and tips on what to do if there is a raid, how to find someone who has been arrested, and how to best contact them.

  4. Learn, Share, Fight Back: The Short Immigration Guide to How Arrests and Convictions Sperate Families. Immigrant Justice Network , CAMBIO 10 page s . February 2014. English Spanish . http://immigrantjusticenetwork.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Illustrated10pager_FINAL2_11.pdf http://immigrantjusticenetwork.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Illustrated10pager_Spanish_2_11.pdf

    This illustrated guide is designed for community based organizations, activists, and all those fighting for immigration reform. It breaks down how arrests and convictions affect immigrants who have status and those who hope to get it, discusses the impact of current immigration reform proposals, and provides stories and tools for communities to fight back.

  5. Health Care Providers and Immigration Enforcement: Know Your Rights, Know Your Patients’ Rights. National Immigration Law Center 4 page s . April 2017. English . https://www.nilc.org/issues/immigration-enforcement/healthcare-provider-and-patients-rights-imm-enf/

    This factsheet provides advice to hospitals, medical centers, community health centers, other health care facilities, and advocates on how to prepare for and respond to (a) enforcement actions by immigration officials and (b) interactions with law enforcement that could result in immigration consequences for their patients.

  6. Raids Rapid Response Tollkit. CASA of Maryland , Detention Watch Network 30 page s . January 2016. English Spanish . http://static1.squarespace.com/static/5387bae0e4b0422ca669ba92/t/568db86dc21b861ff9fc0853/1452128365717/RAIDS+Rapid+Response+Toolkit+%26+KYR+Booklet+by+CASA.pdf http://static1.squarespace.com/static/5387bae0e4b0422ca669ba92/t/568dc32ca128e6ac18796fd3/1452131116014/Spanish-RAIDS+Rapid+Response+Toolkit+%26+KYR+Booklet+by+CASA.pdf

    This toolkit contains information and tools that should help you respond if ICE conducts raids in your community.

  7. The All-in-One Guide to Defeating ICE Hold Requests. Graber, Lena , National Immigration Project , Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC) 47 page s . August 2013. English Spanish . http://immigrantdefenseproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/All-in-One-Guide-2013.pdf http://immigrantdefenseproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/ICE-Hold-Guide-Spanish-2013.pdf

    This guide aims to help communities better understand how immigration enforcement works, and ways to to engage with local police  and policymakers to pass laws and policies against hold requests. It includes organizing suggestions, details about ICE hold requests and how they work, legal and policy analyses, messaging advice, and sample material.

The Impact of Raids on Families (Back to Top)

  1. Deportation and Child Welfare in Mixed Status Families with Unauthorized Parents and Citizen Children. Covarrubias, Norah , Hartman, Alisa 10 page s . May 2015. English . http://nccwe.org/downloads/info-packs/HartmanCovarrubias.pdf

    This paper discusses the negative impact deportation of immigrant parents has on their families while offering best practice tips and recommendations. 

  2. Detained and Deported: Stories of Immigrant Families Under Fire. Regan, Margaret 264 page s . May 3, 2016. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    Journalist Margaret Regan tells undocumented immigrants' stories based on years of reporting in the Arizona-Mexico borderlands. The book also documents the rise of resistance, profiling activists and young immigrant "Dreamers" who are fighting for the rights of the undocumented.

  3. Facing Our Future: Children in the Aftermath of Immigration Enforcement. International Society for Child Indicators 96 page s . February 2010. English . http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412020_FacingOurFuture_final.pdf

    This report examines the consequences of parental arrest, detention, and deportation on children, providing in-depth details on parent-child separations, economic hardships, and children's well-being.

  4. Health and Social Service Needs of US-Citizen Children with Detained or Deported Immigrant Parents. Koball, Heather , Capps, Randy , Hooker, Sarah 87 page s . September 2015. English . http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/health-and-social-service-needs-us-citizen-children-detained-or-deported-immigrant-parents

    This report offers findings from fieldwork in five study sites in California, Florida, Illinois, South Carolina and Texas, examining the involvement of families with a deported parent with health and social service systems, as well as their needs and the barriers they face accessing such services.

  5. Implications of Immigration Enforcement Activities for the Well-Being of Children in Immigrant Families: A Review of the Literature. Capps, Randy , Koball, Heather , Campetella, Andrea 59 page s . September 2015. English . http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/implications-immigration-enforcement-activities-well-being-children-immigrant-families

    This report examines the evidence concerning the impacts of deportation and fear of deportation on unauthorized immigrant families and children. The economic and social instability that generally accompanies unauthorized status is further aggravated for children with a parent's deportation, with effects including psychological trauma, material hardship, residential instability, family dissolution, increased use of public benefits, and, among boys, aggression.

  6. In the Child's Best Interest? The Consequences of Losing a Lawful Immigrant Parent to Deportation. 26 page s . March 2010. English . http://www.law.berkeley.edu/files/Human_Rights_report.pdf

    This report includes new, independent analysis of U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) data. It is estimated that more than 100,000 children have been affected by LPR parental deportation between 1997 and 2007, and that at least 88,000 of impacted children were U.S. citizens. This report analyzes the effects of deportation on a child's health, education and social development, and offers recommendations for improvement. 

  7. Living Together, Living Apart: Mixed Status Families and U.S. Immigration Policy. Schueths, April , Lawston, Jodi 280 page s . November 2015. English . http://www.washington.edu/uwpress/search/books/SCHLIV.html#contents

    This book is a collection of personal narratives and academic essays, is the first to focus on the daily lives and experiences, as well as the broader social contexts, for mixed status families in the contemporary U.S. Threats of raids, deportation, incarceration, and detention loom large over these families. At the same time, their lives are characterized by the resilience, perseverance, and resourcefulness necessary to maintain strong family bonds, both within the U.S. and across national boundaries. (Description from source)

  8. Paying the Price: The Impact of Immigration Raids on America's Children. Capps, Randy,Castañeda, Rosa Maria,Chaudry, Ajay,Santos, Robert 109 page s . 2007. English . http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411566_immigration_raids.pdf

    This report offers a factual basis for the effects of U.S. immigration worksite enforcement operations on children with undocumented parents. The findings within the report are based upon a study of three communities that experienced large-scale worksite raids. The study provides a number of children affected, the short-term and long-term impact worksite enforcment have upon these children, community reponses, and an extensive list of recommendations.

  9. Postville: The Effects of an Immigration Raid. Juby, Cindy , Kaplan, Laura E. 147-153 page s . 2011. English . http://cdm15897.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/post/id/107

    This exploratory study examines the effects of a raid of an unauthorized immigrant work site in Postville, Iowa. Interviews with key informants provide an inside perspective of the effects of the raid on children, adults, and the community. Participants offered suggestions on how to improve current policies that may violate immigrants' human rights. The results advance the knowledge base for social work in provision of services and advocacy for immigrant populations. (Description from source)

  10. The Impact of Immigration Detention on Children and Families. Bess, Amy 3 page s . 2011. English . http://www.socialworkers.org/practice/intl/2011/HRIA-FS-84811.Immigration.pdf

    This short handout includes recommendations for social workers about helping immigrant families in the child welfare system. 

  11. The Silent Crisis: Children Hurt by Current Immigration Enforcement Policies. Köhler, Julia R. , Sola-Visner, Martha 103-104 page s . February 2014. English . http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1793700&author=K%C3%B6hle

    This article suggests that positive health outcomes among recently arrived immigrants are related to mutual care and family devotion. The trauma of familial separation due to parental detention and deportation, however, has long-term negative impacts on children's health and well-being. The authors advocate for immigration policies that make child well-being a top priority. 

  12. What Happens Next? Consequences of an Immigration Raid for Families and Communities. Juby, Cindy , Kaplan, Laura 147-153 page s . 2011. English . http://www.alliance1.org/ppf/what-happens-next-consequences-immigration-raid-families-and-communities

    This exploratory study examines the effects of a raid of an unauthorized immigrant worksite in Postville, Iowa. Interviews with key informants provide an inside perspective of the effects of the raid on children, adults, and the community. Participants also offered suggestions on how to improve current policies that may violate immigrants' human rights.

  13. The Psychosocial Impact of Detention and Deportation on U.S. Migrant Children and Families. Brabeck, Kalina M. , Lykes, M. Brinton , Hunter, Cristina 10 page s . August 11, 2014. English . https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25110972

    This article critically examines the current state of the literature on the psychosocial consequences of detention and deportation for unauthorized migrants, mixed-status families, and their U.S.-born children. (Description from source)

  14. The impact of Immigration and Customs Enforcement on immigrant health: Perceptions of immigrants in Everett, Massachusetts, USA. Hacker, Karen , Chu, Jocelyn , Leung, Carolyn 9 page s . August 2011. English . http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953611003522

    This study sought to address this gap by using community-based participatory research to investigate the impact of enhanced immigration enforcement on immigrant health in Everett, Massachusetts, USA, a city with a large and diverse immigrant population. Community partners and researchers conducted 6 focus groups with 52 immigrant participants (documented and undocumented) in five languages in May 2009. (Description from source)

  15. Addressing the Pain of Separation for Refugee Families. Refugee Council of Australia page s . November 21, 2016. English . https://www.refugeecouncil.org.au/publications/reports/family-separation/

    This report discusses the impacts family separation can have on successful resettlement outcomes, including psychological, social, and financial costs, and overall social cohesion.  Although the proposed alternatives are specific to Australia, the impacts are global.

  16. Targeting Families: How ICE Enforcement Against Parents and Family Members Endangers Children. Kids in Need of Defense (KIND) 20 page s . December 2017. English . https://supportkind.org/resources/targeting-families/

    This report discusses U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement's (ICE) enforcement actions against parents and sponsors earlier this year, and the far-reaching impacts of these actions on children and families and access to due process.